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Author Guidelines

The expected coverage of the articles published in the International Journal of the Built Environment and Sustainability (IJBES) includes broad theme of built environment and socio-economic and environmental sustainability. Under this broad theme, the topics may include, but not limited to, urban and regional planning, urban spatial planning, transport planning, tourism planning, environmental planning and design, urban issues, sustainable building design, green building, architectural heritage and conservation, construction management and innovation, construction economics, resolution and mediation in construction industries, project management, construction technology and safety, and landscape architecture.


International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability considers the following type of publications:

  • Full-length original articles with 6,000-8,000 words (including references)
  • Opinions, viewpoints or comments on particular relevant issues with 1,000-2,000 words
  • Invited Reviews with up to 5,000 words

The full-length original articles should normally result from the original research which has not been published elsewhere. An opinion, viewpoint or comment, on the other hand, is a short article that does not offer a full-length type original research. An option or a viewpoint or a comment may highlight current issues on built-environment and sustainability and may also criticize a published paper in IJBES.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. General Condition:

    The article submitted to International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability must be an unpublished article, or an article that is not being submitted to any other journal, and if published, will not be republished without consent of the Journal. The author is fully responsible for the use of copyrighted materials in his/her article. If published, the copyright of the article belongs to the author and the Journal.


  2. The use of MS Word:

    Author must submit an article in MS Word format only. The text should be in single-column and single-spaced format with 11-point Perpetua. Tables and Figures must be embeded in the manuscript. However, files of the Figures must be submitted separately.


  3.  Structure of the Article:

    For the full-length original articles, the structure should normally follow the following format:

    • Title: The title should normally be concise but informative. Title should be in "Title" case.
    • Author names and affiliations: Indicate the normal order of name of authors. All authors must provide his/her affiliation; email-address and phone number (includes country and area code). The corresponding author, the author who will communicate during the process, must be clearly indicated.
    • Abstract: Should contain background of the study, objectives, methodology and result within maximum 250 words.
    • Introduction: This section contains background, significance and objectives of the study.
    • Methodology: This section discusses the methods used in the research/study.
    • Results and Discussions: This section provides clear and concise results of the research/study and provides sufficient detail of the discussions on the results (what, why and how).
    • Conclusions: This section concludes e discussions and offers policy implications, if any.


  4. Each Section may contain Sub-sections. Sections and Sub-sections must be numbered, and the heading must be typed in bold-face font. For example:

    1     Introduction

    1.1  Background of the Study

    1.2  Significance

    1.3  Objectives

    2     Methodology

    3     Results and Discussions

    3.1  The Need of Sustainable Residential Development

    3.2  The Dilemma of High Density City Living

    3.3  Innovative Strategies and Policies

    4     Conclusion and Recommendations

    Please follow the Section Headings above i.e. 1 Introduction, 2 Methodology … etc. to the most possible you can. However, you can adjust the Sub-section Headings i.e. 1.1 Background of Study, 1.2 Significance … etc. according to the needs of Sub-sections in the article for the clarity of the discussion and explanation

    For other articles i.e. Opinions, Viewpoints, and Comments, the sections can be varied and adjusted according to the needs towards the clarity of the messages brought by the articles.


  5. Units:

    The article must use SI unit. When expressing figures, the article must use the following format: 1,948.52 (use comma to separate thousands, and period to express decimal). But, Year 2014 should not be a comma or period.


  6. Formula of Mathematics:

    Authors may use embedded equation editor in MS Word for complex mathematical expression, but use normal text for simple equations/expressions. For example, x/y=a exp. y (to express x over y equal to a to the power of y). All equations must be numbered.


  7. Tables:

    Table Caption must appear in the Top and numbered consecutively. Place footnote belongs to the table in the bottom of the table body. The footnote must be smaller size font and italic. Caption must be clear and concise.



    Caption of the Figure must appear in the Bottom of the Figure and numbered consecutively. Caption of the Figure should not be embedded in the figure rather place separately. Caption must be clear and concise.


  8.  References:

    All references cited in the text must present in the reference list and vice versa. For web reference, full URL and date of accessed should be given. Web references must be separated from non-web references, and should be put after non-web references.

    Within the text: for single author (last name of the author, year of publication), for example (West, 2012). For two authors (both authors’ last names, year of publication), for example (Wackernagel and Rees, 1996). For three or more authors (first author’s last name and et al., year of publication), for example (Ratti et al., 2005), but in the reference list all authors’ names must present.

    The Reference Style:

    • Journal publication: (please do not abbreviate the journal names) Simpson, J.R. (2002). Improved Estimates of Tree- shade Effects on Residential Energy Uses. Energy and         Buildings, 34:1067-1076
    • Book: Watson, R.D, and K.S. Chapman (2002). Radiant Heating and Cooling Handbook. McGraw-Hill Handbooks, New York.
    • Edited Book: Mettam, G.R., Adams, L.B. (2009). How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in Jones, B.S., Smith, R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281-304.
    • Internet Sources: Energy Price Information, US Department of Energy. Retrieved on 8 August 2010.


  9. Submission

    In the future, the submission should be done online through OJS at However, in case the website is unreachable, the submission can be done by sending the papers through this email:

    Articles will be reviewed with a single-blind or double-blind review process. The authors should propose three reviewers (Name, Affiliation, E-mail Address) during the submission process. The Journal has the rights to use or not to use the proposed reviewers according to its own discretion.

  10. Copyrights

    Authors retain copyright and grant journal right of publication.

  11. Publication Ethics (Wager and Klenet, 2011):

    1. The research being reported should have been conducted in an ethicaland responsible manner and should comply with all relevant legislation.
    2. Researchers should present their results clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation.
    3. Researchers should strive to describe their methods clearly and unambiguously so that their findings can be confirmed by others.
    4. Researchers should adhere to publication requirements that submitted work is original, is not plagiarized, and has not been published elsewhere.
    5. Authors should take collective responsibility for submitted and published work.
    6. The authorship of research publications should accurately reflect individuals’contributions to the work and its reporting.
    7. Funding sources and relevant conflicts of interest should be disclosed.


Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. This Journal applies Creative Commons Licenses of CC-BY-NC-SA
  2. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its  publication in this journal.
  4. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.