Project Leadership and Quality Performance of Construction Projects

SPG Buba, BL Tanko


Background: The construction industry in Nigeria, is pigeonholed by poor quality of construction products as a result of the inherent corruption in the country. Lack of purposeful leadership and inappropriate choice of leadership styles in the industry have been attributed to project failure. Abandoned and failed projects are more predominant in the public sector which litters every corner of the country. Objectives: The objective of this paper is to assess the impact of leadership styles on quality performance criteria of public projects in Nigeria. Methodology: A total of 43 questionnaires were distributed to 3 key groups of respondents (Quantity Surveyors, Builders, and Architects) who are project managers in Nigeria. Descriptive and Inferential statistics were used to analyse the data using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Likert Scale was used to measure the independent variables (leadership style): facilitative, coaching, delegating and directing; and the level of achievement of projects based on the dependent variables (quality and function performance criteria) which are: achieving highest aesthetic quality; and functional building that fits its purpose. Findings: The study revealed that Directing is the major leadership style used by project managers in Nigeria. Amongst the leadership styles which has the most impact on quality performance indicators is also directing which has the most relative influence on achieving highest aesthetic quality and functional building that fits its purpose. Conclusion/Recommendation/Way forward: The underlying relationship between Directing leadership styles and the performance criteria of achieving highest aesthetic quality and functional building that fits its purpose will be beneficial to the Nigerian construction environment.

Full Text:



Alarcon and Ashley (1998) Project management decision making using cross-impact analysis. International Journal of Project Management, 16(3), pp.145-152.

Ameh, O.J. and Odusami, K.T. (2014). The leadership profile of Nigerian construction project managers. Sci Iran Trans A Civ Eng., 21(4):1241–8.

Bass, B.M. (1985) Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: The Free Press, pp 191.

Chen, S., and Lee, H. (2007) Performance evaluation model for project managers using managerial practices. International Journal of Project Management, 25, pp. 543–551.

Chan, A.P.C. Ho, D.C.K and Tam, C.M. (2001) Design and Build Project Success Factors: Multivariate Analysis. .Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 127, pp.93-100.

Daniel M. Brandon, J. (2004) Project Performance Measurement. Wiley Guide to Managing Projects. John Wiley & Sons.

Daft, R.L. (2008). The Leadership Experience. 4th Edition. United States: Edwards Brothers; 2008.

Haponava, T.A., and Saad, J. (2010) Influence of process performance during the construction stage on achieving end-project goals'. Construction Management and Economics, 28(8), p.853 — 869.

Hyvari, I. (2006) Project management effectiveness in project-oriented business organizations. International Journal of Project Management, (24), pp.216-– 225.

Hersey, P. and Blanchard, K.H. (1977). Management of Organisation Behaviour: utilizing human resources (3rd. ed.).

Englewood Cliffs. NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1977.

Hersey, P., Blanchard, K. and Johnson, D.E. (2001). Management of Organisational Behaviour. 8th Edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

House, R.J. (1977) A 1976 theory of charismatic leadership. In Leadership: The cutting edge, pp.189–207.

House, R.J. (1971).A path-goal theory of leader effectiveness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 16, pp. 321– 339.

John Bratton, Keith Grint, and Nelson, D. L. (2005). Orgnisational Leadership. United States: Westgroup Publishers, p.16.

Kanji, G.K. and Asher M. (1993). Total Quality Management: A systematic Approach. Advances in Total Quality Management Series. Carfax Publishing, Abingdon.1993.

Kerr, S., and J. M. Jermier (1978) Substitutes for leadership: Their meaning and measurement. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 22.

Kliem R and Anderson (1996) H.B-teambuilding styles and their impact on project management results. Project Management Journal,, 276(1).

Kouzes, J. M., & Posner, B. Z. (1995). The leadership challenge: how to keep getting extraordinary things done in organizations. California: Jossey-Bass.

Larson E and Gobelli D. (1989 ) Significance of project management structure on development success, in IEEE Transaction Engineering Management, 36 (2), pp.119-125.

Marshall, J. (2014). Successful coaching: The secrets of success with high-level athletes [Internet]. Peak Performance Lite. Retrieved on 2016 September 17 from

Max. Leadership and the Project Life Cycle [Internet] (2011). [online]. Retrieved on 2016 September from: .

Mathieu, J.M., T, Rapp, T & Gilson, L (2008) Team effectiveness 1997-2007: A review of recent advancements and a glimpse into the future. . Journal of Management, 34(410).

Mindtools Leadership Styles (2016). Choosing the Right Approach for the Situation [Internet]. Mind Tools Management Training and Leadership Training, Online. Retrieved on 2016 September 17 from

Morris, P.W.G. and Pinto, J.K. (2010). The Wiley Guide to Project Management Competencies. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons Inc.; 73 p.

Morris, P.W.G. and Pinto J.M. (2004). Wiley Guide to Managing Projects. [online].

Muller, R. and Turner, J. R. (2007) Matching the project manager’s leadership style to project type. International Journal of Project Management, (25), pp. 21–32.

Northouse PG. Leadership (2013). Theory and Practice. Sixth Edit. USA: Sage Publication Inc.

Odusami, K.T. and Iyagba, R.R.O. and Omirin, M.M. (2003). The Relationship between Project Leadership, Team composition and construction project performance in Nigeria. Int J. Proj Manag., 21(519–527).

Onwusonye, S.I.J. (2007). Achieving Public Procurement economy in Nigeria: The role of the quantity Surveyor. Quant Surv., 55(3):3–7.

Pinto, J.and Slevin D. (1987) Critical success factors across the project life cycle. Project Management Journal.

Pocock, J.B and Kum, (1997) Impact of management approach on project interaction and performance. ASCE, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, pp. 411-418.

Rowlinson, S., Thomas, K.K.H. and Po-Hung, Y. (1993). Leadership Style of Construction Managers in Hong Kong. Constr Manag Econ, 11:455–65.

Sambo, Z. (2009). Factors impacting on project leadership performance: an exploratory study. COBRA 2009, p.755.

Skipper, C., and Bell, L. (2006a). Influences impacting leadership development. J. Manag Eng., p.22.

Skipper, C.O. and Bell, L.C. (2006b). Assessment with 360 degree evaluations of leadership behaviour of construction project managers. J. Manag Eng., 22(2):75–80.

Spillane, J.P., Richard, E.A., and Diamond J. (2004). Towards a theory of leadership practice. J. Curric Stud., 36(1):pp.3–34.

Suresh, S., Roden, S. J. and Al-Khafaji, A. W. (2009). The key drivers for leadership skills development practices in the UK construction industry: An empirical study. Construction and Building Research Conference (COBRA) 2009.

Sy, T., Coˆte´, S., and Saavedra, R (2005) The Contagious Leader: Impact of the Leader’s Mood on the Mood of Group Members, Group Affective Tone, and Group Processes. . Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, pp.295–305.

Vroom, V.H., Jago, Arthur G. (1988) The New Leadership: Managing Participation in Organizations. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Vroom, V.H.Y., and Phillip W, (1973) Leadership and Decision-Making. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Weber, M. (1947) The theory of social and economic organizations. [online].

Winch, G. (2002) Managing Construction Projects: An Information Processing Approach. UK: Blackwell.

Yukl, G. (2002) Upper Saddle River: NJ: Prentice Hall. 2002.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability

License URL:


Copyright © 2014 Penerbit UTM Press, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Disclaimer : This website has been updated to the best of our knowledge to be accurate. However, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.

Best viewed: Mozilla Firefox 4.0 & Google Chrome at 1024 × 768 resolution.