Social Identity and Community Resilience towards Tourism Development in Mabul Island, Semporna Sabah, Malaysia
Mabul Island is a small isolated island located in the east of Semporna, Sabah. The island is inhabited by refugees from southern Philippines, which consist of few ethnics such as Suluk, Bajau, Bisayak, and so on. The communities in small islands are usually late in the development process. They often face problems of adapting to the development and they are commonly left behind in many things. With low population density, many of these communities receive little attention from the government. This resulted in insufficient support and poor basic infrastructure and services. However, Mabul Island is a very popular tourist destination for diving activities after Sipadan Island in Sabah. Tourism development and the impacts on local community have been widely discussed in the literature. However, the role of local communities in the tourism from the perspective of identity is rarely emphasized. Tajfel (1972) defined social identity as “that part of an individual’s self-concept which derives from his knowledge of his membership of a social group together with the value and emotional significance attached to that membership”. Based on the conceptual framework introduced by Palme, Koenig-Lewis, and Jones, this study applied the theory of social identity in examining the differences between two major communities in Mabul Island; Suluk and Bajau communities. The objectives of this study were to study the relationships that existed within the groups and to investigate the impacts of tourism development on social identity of local communities. This study also examined to what extent the social identities can adapt to the tourism booming in Mabul Island.
Banks, M. (1996) Ethnicity: Anthropological Constructions (London: Routledge).
Barth, F. (1969) Introduction, in: F. Barth (Ed.), Ethnic Groups and Boundaries, pp. 9–38 (Oslo: Universitetsforlaget).
Ceballos-Lascurain, H. (1996). ¹ourism, ecotourism and protected areas.Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
Chen, J., & Hsu, C. (2002). Measurement of Korean tourists’ perceived images of overseas destinations. Journal of Travel Research, 38, 411416.
Cu, X., & Ryan, C. (2011). Perceptions of place, modernity and the impacts of tourism Differences among rural and urban residents of Ankang, China: A likelihood ratio analysis. Tourism Management, 32(3), 604615.
Diedrich, A., & Garcia-Buades, E. (2009). Local perceptions of tourism as indicators of destination decline. Tourism Management, 30(4), 512521.
Dieke, P. (2009). Fundamentals of tourism development: A third world perspective. Hospitality Education and Research Journal, 13(2), 722.
Ellemers, N., Kortekaas, P., & Ouwerkerk, J. W. (1999). Self-categorisation, commitment to the group and group self-esteem as related but distinct aspects of social identity. European Journal of Social Psychology, 29, 371e389.
Fenton, S. (2003) Ethnicity (Oxford: Blackwell).
Gu, H., & Ryan, C. (2008). Place attachment, identity and community impacts of tourism: The case of a Beijing Hutong. Tourism Management, 29, 637647.
Hogg, M. A., & Terry, D. J. (2000). Social identity and self-categorization processes in organizational contexts. The Academy of Management Review, 25(1), 121e140.
Jabil Mapjabil dan Abdul Kadir Din (15-17 Oktober 2010). Komuniti Nelayan dalam Pembangunan Pelancongan di Pulau Mabul. Prosiding: Persidangan Kebangsaan Ekonomi Malaysia kelima 2010, Fakulti Ekonomi dan Pengurusan, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.
Jenkins, R. (1994) Rethinking ethnicity: Identity, categorisation and power. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 17, pp. 197–223. Jenkins, R. (1996) Social Identity (London: Routledge).
Kaufmann, E. P. (2004) Rethinking Ethnicity. Majority Groups and Dominant Minorities (London: Routledge).
Lee Kuok Tiung dan Siti Suriani Othman (2010). Pertumbuhan dan Pelestarian Industri Eko-Pelancongan: Kajian Pulau-pulau Peranginan Sekitar Pantai Timur Sabah, Malaysia. Jurnal Sosiohumanika. Vol 3 (2), 273-294.
Lew, A.A. 2013. Defining Community Resilience in Community Based Tourism: Miso Walai and Pulau Mabul in Sabah, Malaysia. BIMP-EAGA Journal of Sustainable Tourism Development 2(2): 40-43.
MacLeod, D.V. (2006) Power, resources and identity: the influence of tourism on indigenous communities. In: Burns, P. and Novelli, M. (eds.) Tourism and Social Identities: Global Frameworks and Local Realities. Series: Advances in tourism research. Elsevier: Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISBN 9780080450742
Nunkoo, R., & Gursoy, D. (2012). Residents’ support for tourism: An identity perspective. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(1), 243268
Nurhazani Mohd Shariff dan Azlan Zainol Abidin (2013). Community Attitude Towards Tourism Impacts: Developing a Standard Instrument in the Malaysian Context. Prosiding: Konferens Kajian Sains Sosial Antarabangsa, ICSSR. Penang, Malaysia.
Palme, A., Koenig-Lewis, N., & Jones, L. E. M. (2013). The effects of residents’ social identity and involvement on their advocacy of incoming tourism. Tourism Management, 38, 142151
Ruzanna Syamimi Ramli, Mohamad Pirdaus Yusoh, Jabil Mapjabil, New Gaik Ling (2011). Pelancongan Selam Skuba di Malaysia: Isu dan Cabarannya. Prosidimh: PERKEM VI, JILID 1, 595 – 601.
Shanti, John J. Pint, Abdulrahman J., Saeed A. (2002). Preliminary Survey for Caves Suitable for Tourism in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: As Sulb Plateau. Kahf Al Rutuwbah and B32 Cave. Saudi Geological Survey.
Siti Hajar Mohd Idris, Norlida Hanim Mohd Salleh, Abdul Hamid Jaafar dan Redzuan Othman (2013). Atitud Komuniti Orang Asli Terhadap Pembangunan Pelancongan di Cameron Highland. Prosiding: PERKEM VIII, Jilid 2, 839-849.
Smith, A. D. (1981) The Ethnic Revival (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Smith, A. D. (1986) The Ethnic Origins of Nations (Oxford: Basil Blackwell).
Smith, A. D. (2000) The Nation in History (Oxford: Polity Press).
Suosheng Wang Linqiang Zhou Soonhwan Lee Carina King (2014). "Analysis of Residents’ Social Identity, Tourism Engagement, and Propensity for Tourism Advocacy" In Advances in Hospitality and Leisure. Published online: 07 Oct 2014; 109-129.
Tajfel, H. (Ed.). (1978). Differentiation Between Social Groups: Studies in the Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations. London: Academic Press.
Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1985). The Social Identity Theory of Intergroup Behavior. In S. Worchel & W. G. Austin (Eds.), Psychology of Intergroup Relations (pp. 6-24). Chicago: Nelson-Hall.
Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (1986). The social identity theory of intergroup behaviour. In S. Worchel & W. G. Austin (Eds.),Psychology of Intergroup Relations (pp. 7–24). Chicago, IL: Nelson-Hall.
Vargas-Sanchez, A., Porras-Bueono, N., & Plaza-Mejia, M. d. l. A. (2011). Explaining residents’ attitudes to tourism: Is a universal model possible? Annals of Tourism Research, 38(2), 460480.
How to Cite
Copyright of articles that appear in International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability belongs exclusively to Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (Penerbit UTM Press). This copyright covers the rights to reproduce the article, including reprints, electronic reproductions or any other reproductions of similar nature.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- This Journal applies Creative Commons Licenses of CC-BY-NC-SA
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).