A Systematic Review of The Recent Geospatial Approach in Addressing Spatially-Related Radicalism And Extremism Issues


  • Juhaida Jamal Geospatial Imaging and Information Research Group, Faculty of Built Environment and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Faisal Abdul Khanan Geospatial Imaging and Information Research Group, Faculty of Built Environment and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Ami Hassan Md Din Geospatial Imaging and Information Research Group, Faculty of Built Environment and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Hafiz Aminu Umar Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Federal University Dutse, P.M.B 7156, Dutse, Nigeria
  • Mohd Mizan Mohammad Aslam Department of International Relations, Security and Law, Faculty of Defense Studies and Management, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, 57000 Sungai Besi, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia




Systematic Review, Geospatial Issues, Radicalism, Extremism


This systematic review article focuses on the geospatial issues of radicalism and extremism. The scholar has intensified the application of geospatial in radicalism and extremism study to understand better the causes, patterns, and trends of the radicalism and extremism incidents. The advanced geospatial approach provides more spatio-temporal information on radicalism and extremism incidents'. It improves the conventional study method that only focuses on fundamentals and theory. Unfortunately, some geospatial issues from previous radicalism and extremism studies have been found. Hence, the present study reviewed past studies on geospatial applications in radicalism and extremism. Meanwhile, the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) method were used to review the current research. This systematic review utilises two major journal databases, Scopus and Web of Science. Searching works found in a total of 24 articles can be analysed systematically. The selected article was separated into four corresponding geospatial analysis types: distribution pattern analysis, cluster analysis, statistical and prediction analysis, and 3D technology. Finally, several recommendations were offered after this study for future scholars' consideration.


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How to Cite

Jamal, J., Abdul Khanan, M. F., Md Din, A. H., Umar, H. A., & Mohammad Aslam, M. M. (2023). A Systematic Review of The Recent Geospatial Approach in Addressing Spatially-Related Radicalism And Extremism Issues. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, 10(3), 37–49. https://doi.org/10.11113/ijbes.v10.n3.1112