Implementation of Traditional Malay Design Values in Contemporary Malay Houses


  • Elham Hosseini Department of Architecture, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Gurupiah Mursib Department of Architecture, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Raja Nafida Raja Shahminan KALAM, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru



Traditional houses are the most essential architectural experience that is in harmony with the people's culture, beliefs, environment and lifestyles. The development of design values in contemporary architecture by tracking traditional design values in architecture paves the way for arguments concerning the implementation of authentic Malay traditional house design values in contemporary Malay houses. In addition, it is hypothesized that the Malay traditional houses theoretically provide a constructive innovative framework for the design performance of the contemporary Malay house. In this research, data was compiled through field observation and documentary review. The evidence revealed that Malay traditional houses convey a concrete message of richness encompassing architectural design values and theoretical propositions. The credibility of the results was improved and confirmed by a confluence of evidence via a confirmation process. The findings suggested that there is a rich source of subjective support, lending proof to the premise of the research investigation. The research has highlighted the significance of traditional architectural design values towards innovative design in the architecture of contemporary Malay houses as a workable pattern for use in the design of contemporary architecture.


Alexander, C. (1987). A New Theory of Urban Design: Oxford University Press.

Allsopp, B. (1977). A Modern Theory of Architecture. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Amad, A. M., Sujud, A. e., & Hasan, H. Z. (2007). Proxemics and its Relationship with Malay Architecture. Human Communication. A Publication of the Pacific and Asian Communication Association., Vol.10(3), 275-288.

Ani, A., Mohamed, N., & Rahman, N. A. (2012). Socio-Cultural Influences in the Composition of Traditional Malay House Compounds in Rural Melaka. Alam Cipta, University of Putra Malaysia Vol.5(1), PP.63-78.

Arandjelović, B. (2008). Historical Heritage and Contemporary Architecture Fusion at the Example of the City Center of Graz. Facta Universitatis: Architecture and Civil Engineering 6(1), 65-74.

Bird, C. (2008). Britomart Contemporary Public Transport Interchange Meets Traditional Maori Meeting House. In P. Herrle & E. Wegeerhoff (Eds.), Architecture and identity (Vol. 9, pp. 423-435). Berlin: Lit

Brown, A. (2009). A Theory of Theory of Architecture Retrieved from

Canizaro, V. B. (2007). Architectural Regionalism: Collected writings on Place, Identity, Modernity, and Tradition. New york: Princeton Architectural Press.

Eben Saleh, M. A. (2001). The evolution of planning & urban theory from the perspective of vernacular design: MOMRA initiatives in improving Saudi Arabian neighbourhoods. Land Use Policy, 18(2), 179-190.

Eggener, K. L. (2002). Placing Resistance: A Critique of Critical Regionalism. Architectural Education, 55(4), 228-237.

Fister, P. (2001). Protection of Architectural Heritage, State of Art, New Aims and Possibilities in Urban Renewal: The case of Slovenia. Retrieved from

Frampton, K. (1983). Prospects for a Critical Regionalism. Perspecta, 20, pp. 147-162.

Gelernter, M., & Dubrucq, V. (2005). Historicism. In R. S. Sennott (Ed.), Encyclopedia of 20th-Century Architecture (Vol. 2, pp. 896). London: Taylor & Francis e-Library.

Gillham, B. (2000). Case Study Research Methods. Great Britain: TJ International Ltd., Padstow, Cornwall.

Gurupiah, M. (2008). Pemikiran Dan Sahutan Regionalisme Dalam Wacana Senibina Malaysia. University Technology Malaysia, Skudi johor.

Heynen, H. (2005). Postmodernism. In R. S. Sennott (Ed.), Encyclopedia of 20th-Century Architecture (Vol. 2, pp. 896). London: Taylor & Francis e-Library.

Holm, I. (2006). Ideas and Beliefs in Architecture and Industrial design. The Oslo School of Architecture and Design, Oslo.

Ingersoll, r. (2007). Critical Regionalism in Houston: A Case for the Menil Collection. In S. Amourgis (Ed.), Architectural Regionalism: Collected writings on Place, Identity, Modernity, and Tradition (pp. 387-392). New york: Princeton Architectural Press.

Ismail, Z., & Sani, A. (2002). Modularity Concept in Traditional Malay House (TMH) in Malaysia.

Kimmelman, J., Mogil, J. S., & Dirnagl, U. (2014). Distinguishing between Exploratory and Confirmatory Preclinical Research Will Improve Translation. PLOS Biology, Vol.12(No.5).

Langhein, J. (2005). Proportion and Traditional Architecture. International Network for Traditional Building, Architecture& Urbanism, I ( 10),

Lefaivre, L., & Tzonis, A. (2003). Critical Regionalism: Architecture and Identity in a Globalised World. Munich: Prestel.

Moore, S. A. (2005). Technology, Place, and Non - modern Regionalism.

Mumford, L. (1941). The South in Architecture - The Dancy Lectures, Alabama College 1942. New York: Harcourt, Brace And Company.

Pallasmaa, J. (2007). New Architectural Horizons. Architectural Design, Vol. 77(2), 16-23.

Pomeroy, J. (2011). Idea House, Future Tropical Living Today (ORO editions ed.).

Prins, M. (2009). Architectural Value. In S. Emmitt, M. Prins & A. d. Otter (Eds.), Architectural Management: International Research and Practice. UK: Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.

Rapoport, A. (1969). House Form and Culture (Vol. 10). London: Prentice - Hall, INC., Englewood Cliffs, N.J.

Rasmussen, S. E. (1964). Experiencing architecture: MIT Press.

Saleh, M. A. E. (1998). The Integration of Tradition and Modernity: A Search for an Urban and Architectural Identity in Arriyadh, The Capital of Saudi Arabia. Habitat International, 22(4), 571-589.

Schumacher, P. (2011). The Value of Design is not measurable. London: Business Design Centre.

Shahedi, B. (2004). The prayer hall. Omran-e-Zayandeh Rood Village, Isfahan: D.O.S. Design Organization Service.

Shahedi, B., Daud, N. I. M. K. H., & Yaacob, N. M. (2012). Users’ Perceptions of Aesthetic Design Approach of Safavid Architecture, Iran. Journal of Design and Built Environment, University of Malaya(UM), 10.

Shahedi, B., keumala, n. i. m., & Yaacob, N. M. (2013). Role of Architectural Historical Precedent in Aesthetic Design of Contemporary Architecture. Built Environment Journal, University Technology MARA (UiTM), 10(2).

Tajuddin, M., & Hussain, N. H. (2005). National Identity and the Architecture of Malayan Architect Co-Partnership.

Uysal, Z. C. (2004). Architectural Interpretations of Modernity and Cultural Identity: A Comparative Study on Sedad Hakki Eldem And Bruno Taut In Early Republican Turkey. Natural and Applied Sciences of Middle East Technical University.

Vellinga, M. (2012). New Vernacular Architecture. Paper presented at the 6th International Seminar on Vernacular Settlements, Contemporary Vernaculars: Places, Processes and Manifestations, Estern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, North Cyprus.

Wen, R. (2010). Architecture and Tradition. Unitec Institute of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.

Yin, R. K. (2003). Case Study research Design and Methods (Third ed. Vol. 5). California: Sage publications, Inc.




How to Cite

Hosseini, E., Mursib, G., & Raja Shahminan, R. N. (2016). Implementation of Traditional Malay Design Values in Contemporary Malay Houses. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, 3(2).