Barriers to the Implementation of Environmental Management Measures in the Operation of Shop- House Enterprises in Bangkok Metropolitan Area


  • Chantamon Potipituk Faculty of Architecture and Design, Rajamangala University of Technology Rattanakosin
  • Ariva Sugandi Permana Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia



Shop-house enterprises in Bangkok Metropolitan have so far been the best alternative of the
citizens to earn income. At the same time, these enterprises also generate negative environmental
and health consequences. While facing this dilemmatic situation, the implementation of
environmental management measures (EMMs) to deal with environmental and health impacts
generated by the enterprises is not presently practical. We identified some potential barriers.
However, which one is the most influencing barrier to EMMs we must identify it. The study
attempts to understand perceptions of different group of randomly selected stakeholders on the
most influencing barriers given fourteen potential barriers to EMMs in Bangkok Metropolitan.
The analysis shows that there are four essential barriers as perceived by the stakeholders that
needs in-depth attention for the practical application of EMMs. By these critical barriers, policies
should be directed to cope appropriately with the issues to accomplish better performance
of shop-house enterprises in terms of environment and health.


Amin, A.T.M.N., Jarusombut, S., Thuy, T.T.B. & Thanaprayochsak ,W. (2006) Environmental management measures for influencing human behaviour towards sustainable development. Regional Development Dialogue, 27 (1), 85–100.

Ayanda, A.M. (2011). Small and medium scale enterprises as a survival strategy for employment generation in Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development, 4(1), 200-206.

Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. (2006). Fifty districts in Bangkok Metropolitan Area. Retrieved April, 2012, from

Chan, S.W. (2010). Implementing Environmental Management Systems in Small- and Medium-Sized Hotels: Obstacles. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, 35 (1), 3-23.

Department of Industrial Promotion. (1997). Industrial development in Thailand. Bangkok : DIP.

Frijns, J. & Van Viet B. (1999). Small-scale industry and cleaner production strategies. World Development, 27. 6, 967-983.

Hameed, R., & Raemaekers, J. (1999). The environmental regulation of industry in Lahore, Pakistan. International Development Planning Review, 21(4), 429-452.

Hillary, L. (2004). Environmental management systems and the smaller enterprise. Journal of Cleaner Production, 12(6), 561–569.

Kullathamyothin, R. (2006). The study of factor effecting the use of daylight in Bangkok’s shophouse. (Master research study, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, 2006). Bangkok: King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi.

National Environment Management Authority. (2009). Best Practices in Environmental Information Management in Africa: The Uganda Case Study. Birkeland Trykkeri : NEMA Ugenda.

Omuta. G.E.D. (1986). Minimum versus affordable environmental standards in third world cities: An examination of housing codes in Benin City, Nigeria. Cities, 3, 58-71.

Perera, L.A.S.R., & Amin, A.T.M.N. (1996). Accommodating the informal sector: A strategy for urban environmental management. Journal of Environmental Management, 46(l), 3-15.

Potipituk, C. & Perera, R. (2013). Assessment of shop house enterprises in the Bangkok metropolitan area in view of environmental and health aspects. Environmental Development, 10, 48-67.

Post, J. E., &. Altma B. W. (1994). Managing the Environmental Change Process: Barriers and Opportunities", Journal of Organizational Change Management, 7 (4), 64 – 81.

Sethuraman, S.V., & Ahmed, A. (1992). Urbanisation, employment and environment. In A.S.Bhalla (Eds.), Environment, Employment and Development (pp. 121-140). Geneva: ILO.

Sethuraman, S.V. (1981). The urban informal sector in developing countries: Employment, Poverty and Environment, 2nd ed. Geneva: ILO.

Shi, H., Peng, S.Z., Liu, Y., & Zhong, P. (2008). Barriers to the implementation of cleaner production in Chinese SMEs: government, industry and expert stakeholders’ perspectives, Journal of Cleaner Production, 16 , 842-852.

Tipple, G. (2005). Pollution and waste production in home-based enterprises in developing countries: Perceptions and realities. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 48(2), 275-299.




How to Cite

Potipituk, C., & Permana, A. S. (2014). Barriers to the Implementation of Environmental Management Measures in the Operation of Shop- House Enterprises in Bangkok Metropolitan Area. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, 1(1).