Representation of National Identity in Malaysian State Mosque Built Form as a Socio- cultural Product

Alice Sabrina Ismail

Abstract


The formation of national identity is the essence for a multi-racial country like Malaysia because it can strengthen national solidarity, create a common aspiration, and sustain the continuity of a historical heritage with multiple ethnicity and background. Nevertheless, the characteristics of this national identity is still not fully dealt with from an architectural aspect. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to critically examine the problem of national architectural identity in Malaysia. This is vital to uncover the resulting design principles with national architectural identity characteristics by referencing to three typologies of local state mosque as case study. The finding outlines that there are six architectural principles that influence the formation of national identity. These are the understanding of built form detail elements, materials usage, local style composition and expression, application of organic theory, designing a regionalistic articulation of space and form as well as an understanding of democratic values form to reflect the characteristics of national identity. These established referential guideline design on national identity is of benefit for future designers, builders, developer and related authority to produce built form that symbolizes nation political values as well as responsive to the existing social culture context.

Keywords


National identity, state mosque, Malaysian architecture, political symbol, socio-cultural product.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abel, C., (2000). Architecture and Identity: responses to cultural and technological change. Routledge.

Abel, C. and Foster, N., (2012). Architecture and identity. Routledge.

Aga Khan Award for Architecture (Organization), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia. Kementerian Kebudayaan and Belia dan Sukan, 1983. Architecture and Identity: Proceedings of the Regional Seminar in the Series Exploring Architecture in Islamic Cultures (Vol. 1). Aga Khan Award for Architecture.

Avcioglu, N., (2007). Identity-as-form: the mosque in the West. Cultural Analysis, 6, pp.91-112.

Barthes, R., (1994). The semiotic challenge. Univ of California Press.

Chandler, D., (2017). Semiotics: the basics. Routledge.

Chun, H.K., Hassan, A.S. and Noordin, N.M., (2005). An influence of colonial architecture to building styles and motifs in colonial cities in Malaysia. In 8th International Conference of the Asian Planning Schools Association.

Czumalo, V., (2012). Architecture and identity.

DASIK., (2017) Dasar senibina identiti kebangsaan http://www.lam.gov.my/downloads/Forms/Uncategorized/derafdasik_15sep2017.pdf (accessed in August 2017)

De Saussure, F., (1985). The linguistic sign.

Dovey, K., (2009). Becoming places: urbanism/architecture/identity/power. Routledge.

Ee, K.J., (1983). An approach to the search for identity. Architecture and Identity.

Eldemery, I.M., (2009). Globalization challenges in architecture. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, pp.343-354.

Fiske, J., (2010). Introduction to communication studies. Routledge.

Gottdiener, M., (1995). Postmodern Semiotics Material Culture and the Forms of Postmodern Life.

Gottdiener, M., (2003). Recapturing the center: A semiotic analysis of shopping malls. na.

Hawkes, T., (2003). Structuralism and semiotics. Routledge.

Hodge, R., Hodge, R.I.V. and Kress, G.R., (1988). Social semiotics. Cornell University Press.

Leeds-Hurwitz, W., (2012). Semiotics and communication: Signs, codes, cultures. Routledge.

Ismail, A.S. and Alice, D., (2008). Discourse of Democratic Architecture in Malaysia: An Analysis of Putrajaya Government Building in Comparison to Parliament Building. Engaging Malaysia Modernity 50 Years and Beyond.

Ismail, A.S. and Rasdi, M.T.M., (2010). Mosque architecture and political agenda in twentieth-century Malaysia. The Journal of Architecture, 15(2), pp.137-152.

Ismail, A.S., (2008). The influence of Islamic political ideology on the design of state mosques in West Malaysia (1957-2003) (Doctoral dissertation, Queensland University of Technology).

King, A., (2004). Spaces of global cultures: architecture, urbanism, identity. Routledge.

Lefaivre, L. and Tzonis, A., (2003). Critical regionalism: architecture and identity in a globalized world. Prestel Publishing.

McGregor, W.B., (1997). Semiotic grammar.

Morgado, P., (2008). The Construction of Cultural Identity in Contemporary Architecture. Architecture and Identity, 9, p.165.

Özkan, S., (1996). Faith and the Built Environment: Architecture and Behaviour in Islamic Cultures. Architecture & comportement

Shamsul, A.B., (1996). Debating about Identity in Malaysia: A Discourse Analysis (< Special Issue> Mediating Identities in a Changing Malaysia).

Shamsul, A.B., (2001). A history of an identity, an identity of a history: the idea and practice of „Malayness‟ in Malaysia reconsidered. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 32(3), pp.355-366.

Smith, A.D., (1991). National identity. University of Nevada Press.

Smith, D.J., (2000). Architectural Experience: A composition of viewpoints (Doctoral dissertation, Queensland University of Technology).

Vale, L., (2014). Architecture, power and national identity. Routledge.

Van Leeuwen, T., (2005). Introducing social semiotics. Psychology Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.11113/ijbes.v5.n1.243

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability

License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/legalcode

 

Copyright © 2018 Penerbit UTM Press, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Disclaimer : This website has been updated to the best of our knowledge to be accurate. However, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.

Best viewed: Mozilla Firefox 4.0 & Google Chrome at 1024 × 768 resolution.