Measuring Transit Oriented Development of Existing Urban Areas around Metro Stations in Faridabad City

Sat Pal

Abstract


Urban population in Indian cities is encouraging auto reliance and having unsafe economic, social and environmental consequences. Land-use-change patterns are the outcome of the complex relations between the human and the physical surroundings. To address these issues the planners are moving beyond land use planning to a sustainable development. Transit and Land use planning are important components to achieve sustainable future of urban development. TOD is a planning tool to encourage this integration. This paper discusses the land use scenario and opportunity around four Metro transit stations in Faridabad city. Different methods and various sets of indicators are considered to evaluate and measure TOD index in this study. This study will evaluate and measure the Faridabad city in the context of land use around Metro Stations to support TOD. This paper seeks to answer how to promote walkable communities, compact and transit-oriented development (TOD) that incorporates mixed land use development, including neighbourhood schools, retail and business-related space and a mix range of housing types within walkable distance. This paper concludes that the stations area which had a low TOD score needs to have policy for improvement. If planned efficiently, TODs can realize the sustainable development with considerable change in the urban development that focuses on pedestrian based neighbourhood planning.

Keywords


TOD index, Density, Diversity, Pedshed, Faridabad

Full Text:

PDF

References


Associates, W. S. (2010). Comprehensive Mobility Plan for Faridabad-Ballabgarh Complex. Report, 1–90.

Aston, L., Currie, G., Pavkova, K., Aston, L., & Currie, G. (2015). Investigating the Transit-Orientation of Existing Urban Development Around Melbourne Trams Compared to Other Public Transport Modes. Australasian Transport Research Forum, (October).

Barker, J. B., Antion, K., Barnes, R. L., Garber, C., Greene, S., Greene, S., … Rosenberg, J. M. (2004). Transit-Oriented Development in the United States: Experiences, Challenges, and Prospects Sponsored.

Chirayu Bhatt, Pushkaraj Paradkar, N. van de F. (2012). Station area planning. Institute for Transportation and Development Policy, 1–73.

Curtis, C., Renne, J. L., & Bertolini, L. (2009). Transit oriented development: making it happen. Transit. https://doi.org/10.1068/a38377

Debajeet Baruah. (2015). Transit Oriented Development and India, 12. Retrieved from http://ssrn.com/abstract=2168094

Drive, C. P. (2006). The Role of State DOTs in Support of Transit-Oriented Development ( TOD ) and Transportation Officials ( AASHTO ), (April).

Gu, S. (2013). Development of a temporal and spatial linkage between transit demand and land- use patterns, 33–46. https://doi.org/10.5198/jtlu.v6i2.268

Haryana, G. of. (1991). Faridabad Development Plan 1991.pdf.

Hyde, R., & Smith, D. (2017). Assessing the value of public transport as a network.

I Singal, D. B. (2014). National Urban Transport Policy, 2014. Retrieved from www.iutindia.org

KCATA. (2008). Transit Supportive Land Use Assessment. Kansas City Area Transportation Authority, 1–137.

Lee, D. A., Watson, C. H. L. S., Central, L., Regional, F., Authority, T., Hair, V. I. C. E. C., … Wilson, F. (2007). TCRP Report 95 – Chapter 17—Transit Oriented Development.

Planning, T. and C. (2014). TOD Notification. Haryana Government Gazette, 1–9.

Radheshyam.Jadhav. (2015). Transit-oriented devpt plan along ring road. Times of India, Page no. 6.

Rangwala, L., & Mathews, R. (2014). Shifting the TOD Discourse from Intensification of Built-up Area to Regulations Managing High People Densities in Mumbai ‟ s Development Plan Revision. EMBARQ India, 7250, 1–16.

Town and Country Planning Department. (2014). Faridabad Development Plan 2031. Notification, 1–23.

Yamini Jain Singh. (2015). Measuring TOD over A Region Using GIS Based Multiple Criteria Assessment Tools, 1–166.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.11113/ijbes.v5.n1.251

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability

License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/legalcode

 

Copyright © 2018 Penerbit UTM Press, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Disclaimer : This website has been updated to the best of our knowledge to be accurate. However, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.

Best viewed: Mozilla Firefox 4.0 & Google Chrome at 1024 × 768 resolution.