Step by step approach for qualitative data analysis


  • Babatunde Femi Akinyode Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Postcode 210214, P.M.B.4000, Ogbomoso, Oyo state, Nigeria.
  • Tareef Hayat Khan Department of Architecture, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi, Malaysia, Postcode 81310, Johor Bahru, Malaysia



Domain Analysis, Qualitative Analysis, Qualitative Data, Qualitative Techniques, Thematic Network .


The application of qualitative techniques is increasing and acceptable among the researchers. However, majority of the researchers and postgraduate students did not consider the importance of giving detailed procedures in qualitative data analysis for better understanding of the qualitative results. There is a need to uncover step by step approach in qualitative analysis for better application of qualitative techniques. This article presented a detailed step-by-step approach for qualitative analysis with the aid of a pragmatic illustration. The analytic process presented employed the example of qualitative data transcribed into narrative data to develop basic themes. The employment of Domain Analysis and Thematic Network analysis in the example given helped basic themes to converge to higher order themes. The article submitted that this approach in qualitative analysis will aid thorough understanding of qualitative data interpretation. This is extremely thoughtful approach for the systematic presentation of qualitative analysis.

Author Biographies

Babatunde Femi Akinyode, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Postcode 210214, P.M.B.4000, Ogbomoso, Oyo state, Nigeria.

Babatunde Femi Akinyode obtained Full Professional Diploma (FTP, 1991) in Urban & Regional Planning from The Polytechnic, Ibadan; Master degree in Urban and Regional planning (MURP, 1998) from university of Ibadan; Master degree in Business Administration (MBA, 2002) from Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Nigeria and PhD in Urban and Regional Planning (2017) from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). He is an academic staff in the department of Urban and Regional Planning, LAUTECH, Ogbomoso, Nigeria. He is a registered member of Nigerian Institute of Town Planners (NITP), Institute of Management Consultants (IMC), Nigerian Institute of management (NIM) and a registered Town Planner. His research interests focus on Housing, Qualitative Research and Studio Planning.

Tareef Hayat Khan, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi, Malaysia, Postcode 81310, Johor Bahru, Malaysia

Associate Professor Dr. Tareef Hayat Khan obtained B.Arch (1995) and M.Arch (2000) in Architecture from Bagladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET, Bangladesh) and PhD from the University of Hong Kong (HKU) respectively. He is presently a senior Lecturer in the department of Architecture, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). His research interests include Housing, Urban Design, Design Studio Pedagory, Ethics and Morality Studies


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How to Cite

Akinyode, B. F., & Khan, T. H. (2018). Step by step approach for qualitative data analysis. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, 5(3).