Awareness and Perception of Office Property Users on Green Building in Lagos, Nigeria


  • Markson Opeyemi Komolafe Department of Estate Management, University of Benin, Nigeria
  • Matthew Oluwole Oyewole Department of Estate Management, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria



Awareness, Green Building, Office property, Perception, Sustainability, Users


This study examined the level of awareness, medium of awareness and the perceptions of office property users on Green building and their features in Lagos, Nigeria. The study sampled 352 office property users of 176 properties in the property portfolio of Estate Surveyors and Valuers in Lagos. Data was collected with the use of questionnaire administration. Using frequency counts and measures of relative perception index, the study revealed that majority of the users were not aware of green building. Only 23.6% were aware, and the predominant medium of awareness among these few was the Television. It was also revealed in the result that most of the users perceive green building as more of an environmental concept costing more to build and operate. The study concluded that there is need for more sensitisation on green building. Also, a balance information spread, especially on the social and economic benefits of green building is important for successful implementation of green building in the study area.

Author Biographies

Markson Opeyemi Komolafe, Department of Estate Management, University of Benin, Nigeria

Lecturer 11, Department of Estate Management

Matthew Oluwole Oyewole, Department of Estate Management, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria

Senior Lecturer, Department of Estate Management, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.


Abolore, A.A., (2012). Comparative Study of Environmental Sustainability in Building Construction in Nigeria and Malaysia. Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Science, 3(6), 951-961.

AlSanad, S., Gale, G., & Edward, R. (2011). Challenges of Sustainable Construction in Kuwait: Investigating level of Awareness of Kuwait Stackholders. Word Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 59 (1): 2197-2204.

Altomonte, S., and Schiavon, S. (2013), “Occupant satisfaction in LEED and non-LEED certified buildings”. Building and Environment, 68, 66-76.

Ameh, O. J., Isijiola, S.J., & Achi, F.O. (2007). Assessement of the Sustainability of Public Buildings in Lagos Nigeria. Construction Research Journal, 1(1): 46- 54.

Badu, E., Owusu-Manu, D., Edwards, J.D., Adesi, M. and Lichtenstein, S.

(2013) Rural Infrastructure Development in the Volta Region of Ghana: Barriers and Interventions. Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction, 18, 142-159.

Baird, G., and Field, C. (2013), Thermal comfort conditions in sustainable buildings – Results of a worldwide survey of users’ perceptions. Renewable Energy, 49(0), 44-47.

Bennett, E. (2006) Green rhetoric exceeds reality. Retrieved from

Bond, S. and Perrett, G., (2012). The Key Drivers and Barriers to the Sustainable Development of Commercial Property in New Zealand. Journal of sustainable real estate, 4(1)

Boyd, T. (2007). Evaluating the impact of sustainability on investment property performance. Pacific Rim property research journal, 12(1), 255-271.

Brown, Z.B and Cole, R.J. (2008) Engaging Occupants in Green Building Performance: Addressing the Knowledge Gap. ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. Pp 7-37 to 7-48

Bungwon, H.D., Dabo, D.I. and Ishaya, D.A. (2016) A Study of the Awareness of Property Managers and Other Built Environment Professionals on Sustainable Buildings in Kaduna Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Chemical, Metallurgical and Civil Engg. (IJRCMCE) Vol. 3, Issue 1. Pp. 94-96. ISSN 2349-1442 EISSN 2349-1450

Esa, M.R., Marhani, M.A. Yaman, R. Hassan, A.A., Hanisah, N. Rashid, N. and Adnan, H. (2011) Obstacles in Implementing Green Building Projects in Malaysia Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5(12): 1806-1812 ISSN 1991-8178

Hitchings, R. (2009), Studying thermal comfort in context. Building Research and Information, 37(1), 89-94.

Huang, L., Zhu, Y., Ouyang, Q., and Cao, B.(2012), A study on the effects of thermal, luminous, and acoustic environments on indoor environmental comfort in offices. Building and Environment, 49, 304-309.

Jamison, R. (2008) Consumer Survey 2007: Green Building Awareness. Department of Ecology, State of Washington.

Johnson, J.W. and LeBreton, J.M. (2004) History and Use of Relative Importance Indices in Organizational Research. Organizational Research Methods, 7, 238-257.

Khalfan, M. M. (2006) Managing sustainability within construction projects, Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, vol. 8, pp. 41-60.

Khalfan, M.M., Noor, A., Maqsood, T., Alshanbri, N and Sagoo, A. (2015) Perceptions towards Sustainable Construction amongst Construction Contractors in State of Victoria, Australia. Journal of Economics, Business and Management, Vol. 3, No. 10. Pp. 940-947

Komolafe, M. O. and Oyewole, M. O. (2015) Perception of estate surveyors and valuers on users’ preference for green building in Lagos, Nigeria In: Laryea, S. and Leiringer R. (Eds) Procs 6th West Africa Built Environment Research (WABER) Conference, 10-12 August 2015, Accra, Ghana, 863-886.

Komolafe, M.O., Oyewole, M.O. and Kolawole, J.T. (2016) Extent of incorporation of green features in office properties in Lagos, Nigeria, Smart and Sustainable Built Environment, Vol. 5 Iss 3 pp. 232 – 260

Lee, Y. S., and Guerin, D. A. (2009), Indoor Environmental Quality Related to Occupant Satisfaction and Performance in LEED-certified Buildings. Indoor and Built Environment, 18(4), 293-300.

Liang, H. H., Chen, C. P., Hwang, R. L., Shih, W. M., Lo, S. C., and Liao, H. Y. (2014)’ Satisfaction of occupants toward indoor environment quality of certified green office buildings in Taiwan. Building and Environment, 72(0), 232-242.

Mansour, O.E. and Radford, S.K. (2014) Green Building Perception Matrix, a Theoretical Framework. Proceedings of the 6th Annual Architectural Research Symposium in Finland 2014

MCO Real Estate (2015), “Lagos, Nigeria real estate investment report”, Q3-Q4: 2015, MCO Real Estate, Lagos.

Miosander, J., Markkula, A., & Eräranta, K. (2010). Construction of consumer choice in the market: challenges for environmental policy. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 34(1), 73-79.

Nduka, D.O and Ogunsanmi, O.E. (2015) Construction Professionals’ Perception on Green Building Awareness and Accruable Benefits in Construction Projects in Nigeria. Covenant Journal of Research in the Built Environment (CJRBE) Vol.3, No.2. pp. 30-52

Newsham, G.R., Benjamin, J.B., Arsenault, C., Thompson, A.J.L. Veitch, J.A., Mancini, S., Galasiu, A.D., Gover, B.N., Macdonald, I.A. and Burns, G.J. (2013). Do ‘green’ buildings have better indoor environments? New evidence. Building Research & Information, 41:4, 415– 434.

Nwokoro, I. and Onukwube, H., (2011) Sustainable or Green Construction in Lagos, Nigeria: Principles, Attributes and Framework. Journal of Sustainable Development. 4(4), 166-174.

Oladokun T.T., Ogunba O. and Gbadegesin J. (2010). Perceptual Analysis of the Benefits and Implementation Difficulties of Green Building in Lagos Metropolis, paper presented at Nigeria International Research Conference on Sustainability in Built Environment, Abuja. 89-108

Oladokun, T.T. and Ojo, O. (2012), “An evaluation of the problems of commercial property management practice in Nigeria”, The Estate Surveyor and Valuer, Journal of the Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers, Vol. 36 No. 2, pp. 23-38.

Olaleye, A., Ayodele, T. O., & Komolafe, M. O. (2015). The Relevance of Green Building Practice in Emerging Markets: A Perceptual Analysis of Commercial and Industrial Building Users in Ibadan, Nigeria. (N. G. Miller, Ed.) Journal of Sustainable Real Estate, Volume 7, No. 1, pp. 41-59

Otegbulu, A.C. (2011) Economics of Green Design and Environmental Sustainability. Journal of Sustainable Development. 4 (2), 240-248.

Oyewole, M.O., Araloyin, F.M. and Sani, K.S. (2012), Sustainable property investment practise in Nigeria, Proceedings of International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management (ICCREM), 01-02 October, 2012, University of Kansas, Kansas City, USA.

Parasuraman, A. (2000). Technology Readiness Index: A Multiple- Item Scale to Measure Readiness to Embrace New Technologies. Journal of Service Research, 2(4), 307-320.

Rohracher, H. (2001). Managing the technological transition to sustainable construction of buildings: A socio-technical perspective. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management. 13 (1), 137-150.

Samarasinghe, D.S. (2012) Green Home Concept: Consumer’s Perception towards Green Homes in Sri Lanka. Indian journal of research. Volume: 1, Issue 10. Pp. 138 – 140

Sayce, S. Sundberg, A. and Clements, W. (2010). Is Sustainability reflected in Commercial Property Prices: a review of the evidence base. London: RICS Research

Shrum, L.J., McCarty, J. and Lowrey, T. (1995). Buyer Characteristics of the Green Consumer and Their Implications for Advertising Strategy. Journal of Advertising, 24(2), 71-82.

Tathagat, D and Dod, R.D. (2015) Role of Green Buildings in Sustainable Construction- Need, Challenges and Scope in the Indian Scenario. Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering. Volume 12, Issue 2 Ver. II, PP. 01-09

UCL Energy Institute (2015). Buildings. Retrieved from https: / / research/themes /buildings.

UK Green Building Council (UKGBC) (2009) Making the case for a Code for Sustainable Buildings, London: UKGBC.

Umar, U.A., & Khamidi, M.F. (2012). Determined the Level of Green Building Public Awareness: Application and Strategies. International

Conference on Civil, Offshore and Environmental Engineering, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

United States Green Building Council (USGBC) (2003). Draft LEED-EB Reference Guide Material – EA Prerequisite 1 Existing Building Commissioning Washington, D.C.: U.S. Green Buildings Council.

United States Green Building Council (USGBC) (2009). LEED for New Construction and Major Renovations. U.S. Green Building Council. Washington, DC. http: / / ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID 5546.

Waniko, D.P. (2014). Green Building in Nigeria: Emerging Opportunities for Quantity Surveying Profession. Retrived from building.

WBCSD (2007). Energy Efficiency in Buildings: Business Realities and Opportunities, World Business Council for Sustainable Development, Geneva

WBCSD (2009). Energy efficiency in buildings: Transforming the market, World Business Council for Sustainable Development, Geneva.

Webb, C.M. (2005) Green Building: Public Opinion, Semantics, and Heuristic Processing. Master of Art Dissertation submitted to the Department of Political Science, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida.




How to Cite

Komolafe, M. O., & Oyewole, M. O. (2018). Awareness and Perception of Office Property Users on Green Building in Lagos, Nigeria. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, 5(3).