Political Representation In Urban Public Space In Jakarta Child-Friendly Public Space (Ruang Publik Terpadu Ramah Anak – RPTRA)

Eka Permanasari, Sahid Mochtar, Rahma Purisari


The design of public space often embodies the power and political representation of a specific regime. As urban architecture symbolizes and establishes the identity of a regime, authorities often use a top-down approach to implement urban architectural programs. As a result, the spaces constructed often display power and identity, but lack consideration of public use. Public spaces are often exclusionary for public use. They merely stand for the representation of the authority. Accordingly, many public spaces built by the government are abandoned soon after their launch. Big ceremonies and public space displays only last a few days before these spaces are then closed to the public or appropriated for different uses. Most top-down approaches focus on the physical development, overlooking the users’ inclusion in decision making. This research analyses the political representation of public space design in RPTRA Bahari located in the South Jakarta. It analyses the political reason behind the development of RPTRA in Jakarta and the way participative design approach is employed during the design process to get public engagement in public space. Therefore, it investigates how the political representation is perceived in everyday life by analysing how the public space has been used three years since its launch. Through observation and interviews, this paper interrogates the political representation in urban forms and how public spaces become an arena where the government’s intentions and everyday uses meet. It concludes that a participative, bottom-up approach leads to more public use and engagement.


Everyday uses, political representation, public space.

Full Text:



Alsayyad, N. (1992). Forms of Dominance: On the Architecture and Urbanism of the Colonial Enterprise. Avebury: Aldershot.

Arendt, H. (1998). The Human Condition. London: The University of Chicago Press.

Arnstein, S. R. (1969). A Ladder of Citizen Participation. Journal Of The American Planning Association. 35(4): 216-224.

Carina, J., 2017. DKI Akui RPTRA Hasil CSR Lebih Flexible Dalam Perubahan Desain. Kompas, 28 July.

Carr, S., Francis, M., L.G, R., & Stone, A. (1992). Public Space. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Dede, O. M., 2012. A New Approach For Participative Urban Design: An Urban Design Study Of Cumhuriyet Urban Square in Yozgat Turkey. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning .5: 122-131.

Desrianto, M., 2018. Bangun 7 Taman Maju Bersama, Pemrov DKI Ingin Perkuat Interaksi Warga. megapolitan.kompas.com, 11 December.

Dovey, K., 2010. Becoming Places. New York: london.

Elyda, C., & Budiari, I. (2015, September 17). Jakartans Enthused with New RPTRA Community Centers. The Jakarta Post.

Gehl, J. (1987). Life Between Building (Using Public Space). London: Island Press.

Hernowo, E. &. N. A., 2017. Karakteristik Ruang Publik Terpadu Ramah Anak (RPTRA) Bahari di Kecamatan Cilandak Jakarta Selatan. Jurnal Teknik. 6(2): 2337-3520.

H. S. Aji, R. B. (2016). The Development Of Child-Friendly Integrated Public Space In Settlement Areas As An Infrastructure of Jakarta. In C. Brebbia, WIT Transaction on Ecology and the Environment (p. 13). USA: WIT Press.

Iveson, K. (2007). Publics and the City. Wiley: Kindle Edition.

Kahraman, M., Pak, B., & Scheerlinck, K. (March 2018). Production of Heterotopias as Public Spaces and Paradox of Political Representation: A Lefebvrian Approach. ITU AZ Journal, 135-145.


Kusno, A., 2000. Behind the Postcolonial: Architecture, Urban Space and Political Cultures in Indonesia. 1st edition ed. London: Routledge.

Laksana, B. A., 2017. M. Taufik Minta Pembangunan RPTRA yang Pakai Dana CSR diaudit. Detiknews.com, 29 Mei.

Lefebvre, H. (1996). Writing on Cities. Oxford: Blackwell Publisher.

Mamduh, N., 2018. Pemprov DKI akan Hapus Anggaran Pembangunan RPTRA di 2019. Tirto.id, 5 March.

Mitchell, D. (2003). The Right to the City: Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space. New York and London: Guilford Press.

Pak, B. (2017). Strategies and Tools in Bottom-up Practices in Architecture and Urban Design Studios. Knowledge Cultures. 12.

Permanasari, E., 2010. Constructing and Deconstructing the Nation: Sukarno’s Monuments and Public Places in Jakarta. Germany: LAP Lambert Publishing.

Permanasari, E., in Dovey, K. (2010). New order: Monas and Merdeka Square. In: K. Dovey, ed. Becoming Places”: Urbanism / Architecture / Identity / Power. London: Routledge.

Permanasari, E., Nurhidayah, F. & Nugraha, H., 2018. Metode Desain Partisipatif Sebagai Model Pembangunan 6 RPTRA DKI Jakarta. Jakarta: Universitas Pembangunan Jaya.

Sanders, Elizabeth B-N; SonicRim. (2002). From User-Centered to Partisipatory Design Approach. In J. Frascara, Design and Social Sciences: Making Connections. London And New York: taylor and Francis.

Tonnelat, S., 2010. The Sociology of urban Public Spaces. In: Territorial Evolution and Planning Solution: Experience from China and France. Paris: Atlantis Press. 1-10.

Vale, L., 1992. Architecture, Power and National Identity. London: Yale University Press.

Zeisel, J. (2006). Inquiry by Design. California: Cambridge University Press.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.11113/ijbes.v6.n2.351


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Penerbit UTM Press

License URL: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/legalcode


Copyright © 2018 Penerbit UTM Press, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Disclaimer : This website has been updated to the best of our knowledge to be accurate. However, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.

Best viewed: Mozilla Firefox 4.0 & Google Chrome at 1024 × 768 resolution.