Factors Impeding the Integration of Sustainability Elements in Built Environment Academic Curricula


  • Samuel Ekung Department of Quantity Surveying, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Uyo, Nigeria
  • Timothy Adewuyi Department of Building, University of Uyo, Nigeria
  • Monday Otali Department of Building, University of Uyo, Nigeria




Curriculum, Education, Factors Analysis, Integration, Sustainability Elements, Nigeria


Development within the construction industry shows that higher education is critical in the sector’s skills improvement. However, research findings are also explicit about absent and shadow integration of core sustainable construction modules for built environment’s curricula. The study aimed to examine issues critical for the integration of sustainability element in the built environment curricula. It outlined two objectives which: (1) to determine the causes for the low integration of sustainability elements in academic curricula and, (2) to identify the principal factors inhibiting the integration of sustainability elements in academic curricula in Nigeria. Data for the study was obtained using a questionnaire survey administered to a random sample of 186 academic stakeholders related to schools of the built environment across Nigeria with factor analysis was subsequently employed to analyze the survey data. The results showed that seven principal factors inhibit and are responsible for the dearth of sustainable construction modules in built environment academic curricula in Nigeria. These are: (1) Skills and knowledge dearth, (2) Lack of empowerment to effect change, (3) Low level of awareness, (4) Lack of green building council, (5) Lack of real-life sustainable projects, (6) Non-prioritization by accreditation bodies and (7) Lack of research and industry collaboration. The findings suggest that strong government policy and viable industry and academic collaboration are imperative to effect curriculum change in support of the integration of sustainability element in the built environment curricula. The findings reported in this paper is significant as a basis to inaugurate the development of academic curricula which integrates the sustainability elements, capable of driving behavioural change to adapt sustainability practices among graduates.

Author Biographies

Samuel Ekung, Department of Quantity Surveying, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Uyo, Nigeria


Department of Quantity Surveying

Faculty of Environmental Studies

University of Uyo


Timothy Adewuyi, Department of Building, University of Uyo, Nigeria

Senior Lecturers

Department of Building

University of Uyo

Monday Otali, Department of Building, University of Uyo, Nigeria

Senior Lecturers

Department of Building

University of Uyo


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How to Cite

Ekung, S., Adewuyi, T., & Otali, M. (2019). Factors Impeding the Integration of Sustainability Elements in Built Environment Academic Curricula. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, 6(3), 21–32. https://doi.org/10.11113/ijbes.v6.n3.364