Creating the Synergy of Land Use, Transport, Energy and Environment Elements towards Climate Change Co-benefits


  • Ariva Sugandi Permana Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Ranjith Perera Sultan Qaboos University
  • Norsiah Abd Aziz Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Chin Siong Ho Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia



Land use, transport, energy consumption and air quality issues in a city are interconnected and therefore form a nexus. This study attempts to analyze this nexus by identifying the magnitude and quality of the links among the elements. The study was undertaken in Bandung City, Indonesia by analyzing the concen-tricity of land use of the city, computing traffic loads at some primary radial trunk roads towards city center, assessing transport energy and air quality in the study area. Analysis on the present linearity of the nexus was also conducted by acquiring relevant secondary data as well as information from the separate study by the first authors in the same city. A quantitative analysis was undertaken to corroborate the rela-tionships among linear connections of the elements. The result exhibits that the interconnections among elements in the nexus do exist. It also shows that the interconnection of the nexus i.e. land use, transport, energy consumption and air quality is linear and it requires a synergistic efforts to enhance the strategies towards climate change co-benefits. By looking at the nexus as a policy arena, the study proposes prospec-tive policy directions that could lead to synergize co-benefits of climate change and accordingly contribute to climate change adaptation of the city and the reduction of climate change impacts.


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