The Consumption of Tradition and Heritage Areas in the Grebeg Sudiro Event in Surakarta




Invented tradition, consumption, heritage, Grebeg Sudiro


Cultural heritage cannot be separated from the traditions and identity of a society. However, heritage and tradition have become commodities for tourist consumption. They become interesting for tourists who look for ‘authentic’ experiences. Some of the so-called traditions commodified for tourism are intentionally made for a specific purpose. In this case it fits Hobsbawm’s concept of ‘invented tradition’. This paper focuses on the Grebeg Sudiro event, carried out by the Sudiroprajan community, in the city of Surakarta. This invented tradition has been held every Lunar New Year since 2008 in the Pasar Gede heritage area. The relationships between an invented tradition, tourism consumption, and place identity in a heritage area will be examined in this article. This article will highlight how heritage area as the venue for this event plays role in Grebeg Sudiro and how tourists can consume this tradition along with the heritage place as the venue. This research uses qualitative case study approach. Interviews conducted purposively and direct observations during the event were conducted to note and record the use of cultural heritage areas in the Grebeg Sudiro event, as well as to see how consumption of tradition takes place. Pasar Gede as a place of activity is considered as an interesting object and is considered to represent the identity of Sudiroprajan community. It can be said that invented traditions, cultural heritage identity, and tourism consumption are closely interrelated and complementary. 

Author Biographies

Ogif Ratunar Rahmatulloh, Magister Architecture Department, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

Magister Architecture Department, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Sebelas Maret

Ofita Purwani, Magister Architecture Department, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

Ofita Purwani is an associate professor at the School of Architecture Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia. She got her Ph.D. from the University of Edinburgh on 2014. Her interests range from Javanese built environment, Southeast Asian urbanism, traditionalism, heritage issues, tourism, urban studies, spatial politics, invented traditions and sociology. She can be contacted at or

Paramita Rahayu, Urban and Regional Planning Program, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

Urban and Regional Planning Program, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Sebelas Maret


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How to Cite

Ratunar Rahmatulloh, O., Purwani, O., & Rahayu, P. (2020). The Consumption of Tradition and Heritage Areas in the Grebeg Sudiro Event in Surakarta. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, 7(3), 49–58.