Corroborating the Land Use Change as Primary Determinant of Air Quality Degradation in a Concentric City


  • Ariva Sugandi Permana Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Ranjith Perera Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, College of Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
  • Norsiah A Aziz Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
  • Chin Siong Ho Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia



Bandung City is characterized by concentric land use pattern as found in many naturally grown cities. It radiates from mixed commercial areas in the center to low density residential areas in the periphery. This pattern generates significant traffic volume towards city center. The gener-ated traffic releases emissions and degrades urban air quality since fossil fuel is predominantly used by vehicles in Bandung. In the absence of air polluting industries as well as construction and demolition activities, traffic load generated by land use changes is the only major contribu-tor to air quality degradation in the city. The land use change can therefore be seen as primary determinant of air pollution in Bandung. This study analyses land use changes and its impacts on traffic pattern and air quality. Multivariate correlation between traffic load and land use changes is employed as tool to substantiate the proposition. Relationships between the degree of chang-es in land use, as reflected in traffic loads, and the quantity of two principal air pollutants, namely SO2 and HC are also established to validate the argument. The result of analysis sub-stantiates the correlation between land use changes and air quality degradation.


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How to Cite

Permana, A. S., Perera, R., Aziz, N. A., & Ho, C. S. (2015). Corroborating the Land Use Change as Primary Determinant of Air Quality Degradation in a Concentric City. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, 2(2).