Resilience of Pontian Farmers in the Face of the Impact Changes of Rapid Development in Iskandar Malaysia
Keywords:Community resilience, Iskandar Malaysia, Farmer community
The issues of community resilience arise from the need to develop an understanding of how people would respond to internal and external disturbances. In-depth discussion towards the impact of a city to a neighbouring district has little been discussed. The District of Pontian is located west of Iskandar Malaysia. It has received an unprecedented level of infrastructural development to boost the economy of Iskandar Malaysia. This study examines the land use pattern change of Pontian District impacted by Iskandar Malaysia. Additionally, the study aims to assess the social, economic and environmental capital and the factors that contribute to the adaptabilities and resilience of farmer communities in Pontian. Build-up area for each period using Google earth satellite imagery from the year 2005 to 2015, was classified to analyze the change of build-up area. Markov Chains technique is applied to predict changes of land use. Next, survey questionnaires were utilized to measure the levels of community resilience. Subsequently, an interview was employed to identify the factors that contribute to the stresses. The results indicate that rapid development of Iskandar Malaysia gave an impact to agricultural land and changed the land use pattern of Pontian. The findings revealed the perspective of individuals, community, and system resilience capacity to survive. It was found that farmers were able to adapt to various stresses. The result indicates that individuals and communities can be adaptive, absorptive, and transformative. The findings can assist in formulation of strategies for communities to be better prepared for the current and future impact of the triple threat of urbanization, globalization and climate change.
Authority, I. R. (2006). Comprehensive Development Plan i. Iskandar Malaysia, Malaysia: Khazanah Nasional.
Authority, I. R. (2014). Comprehensive Development Plan ii. Iskandar Malaysia: Malaysia: Khazanah Nasional.
Burton, R. J., Kuczera, C., & Schwarz, G. (2008). Exploring Farmers' Cultural Resistance to Voluntary Agri-environmental Schemes. Sociologia Ruralist.
Butt, Amna, Rabia, Shabbir, Ahmad, S. S., & Aziz, N. (2015). 'Land Use Change Maooing and Analysis Using Remote Sensing and GIS. A Case of simly Watershed, Islamabad, Pakistan'. The egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science, 18(2), 251-259. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrs.2015.07.003
Chaskin, R. (2008). 'Resilience, community, and resilient communities : conditioning contexts and collective action'. Child Care in Practice, 14, 65-74.
Cutter, S., Barnes, L., Berry, M., Burton, C., Evans, E., Tate, E., & Webb, J. (2008). 'A place-based model for understanding community resilience to natural disaster'. Global Environmental Change, 18, 598-606.
Ekins, P., Simon, S., Deutsch, L., Folke, C., & De Groot, R. (2003). 'A framework for the practical application of the concepts of critical natural capital and strong sustainability'. Ecological Economics, 44, 165-185.
Folke, C. (2006). Resilience: the emergence of a perspective for social-ecological system analyses. Global Environmental Change , 16(3), 253-267.
Forbes, B., Stammler, F., Kumpula, T., Meschtyb, N., Pajunen, A., & Kaarlejarvi, E. (2009). 'High resilience in hte Yamal-Nenets social-ecological system, West Siberian Arctic. Russia'. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the USA, 106, 22041-22048.
Gahin, R., Veleva, V., & Hart, M. (2003). 'Do indicators help create sustainable communities?'. Local Environment, 8.
Gordon, M. (2014). Rockfeller Foundation 100 Resilient Cities. National Lifelines Forum.
Jaiswal, Kumar, R., & Mukherjee, R. S. (1999). 'Application of Remote Sensing Technology for Land Use/ Land Cover Change Analysis'. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, 27(2), 123. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/BE02990808
Kamarudin, K., Ngah, I., Razak, K., Ibrahim, M., & Harun, A. (2014). Resilience in a community: the story of Orang Asli of Royal Belum-Temengor Forest Complex. Proceding of The 5th International Conference and Field Study in Malaysia, pp. 168-183. Perak, Malaysia.
Lebel, L., Anderies, J., Campbel, B., Folke, C., Hatfield-Dodds, S., Hughes, T., & Wilson, J. (2006). 'Governance and the capacity to manage resilience in regional social-ecological system'. Ecology and society, 11. Retrieved from www.ecologyand society.org/vol. 11/iss1/art19/
LEDDRA, L. a. (2011). 'Theory of responses to land and ecosystem degradation and desertification in croplands/grazing lands/ forests. Brussels: European Commission.
Magis, K. (2010). 'Community resilience: an indicator of social sustainability'. Society and Natural Resources, 23, 401-416.
Marsden, T., Milbourne, P., Kitchen, L., & Bishop, K. (2003). Communities in Nature: The Constructive and Undersanding of Forest Natures. Sociologia Ruralist.
MDP, M. D. (2016). Pontian District Local Plan 2015-2025. Pontian, Johor, Malaysia.
Mengistu, Daniel, & Salami, D. A. (2008). Application of Remote Sensing and GIS in Land Use/ Land Cover Mapping and Change Detection in a Part of South Western Nigeria. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 1,5.
Misra, Ankita, R, M. M., & Vethamony, P. (2015). Assessment of the Land Use/land Cover (LU/LC) and Mangrove Changes along the Mandovi–Zuari Estuarine Complex of Goa, India. Arabian Journal of Geoscience, 8(1), 267-279. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-013-1220-y
Nurul Islam, G., Yew, T., Abdullah, N., & Viswanathan, K. (2011). 'Social capital, community based management, and fishers livelihood in Bangladesh. Ocean and Coastal Management, 54.
Ostrom, E. (2009). 'A general framework for analuzing sustainability of social-ecological system'. Science, 325, 419-422.
Oudenhoven, F., Mijatovic, D., & Eyzaguirre, P. (2010). Social-ecological indicators of resilience in agrarian and natural landscapes. Management of Environmental Quality, 22.
Parnwell, M. (2007). 'Neolocalism and renascent social capital in northeast Thailand'. Environment and Planning D : Society and space, 25.
Rizk, Ibrahim, Mosbeh, & Rashed. (2015). Monitoring Urban Growth and Land Use Change Detection with GIS and Remote Sensing Techniques in Daqahlia Governorate Egypt. Internationl Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, 4(1), 117-24. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsbe.2015.02.005
Robinson, G. M. (2008). Sustainable Rural System: Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Communities. Great Britain: Ashgate Publishing Limited.
Smit, B., & Wandel, J. (2006). 'Adaptation, adaptive capacity and vulnerability'. Global Environmental Change, 16.
Thomalla, F., & Klocker Larsen, R. (2010). 'Resilience in the context of tsunami early warning systems and community disaster preparedness in the Indian Ocean Region'. Environmental Hazards, 9, 249-265.
Western, J., Stimson, R., Baum, S., & Van Gellecum, Y. (2005). Measuring community strength and social capital. Regional Studies, 39, 1095-1109.
Wilson, G. (2010). Multifunctional 'quality' and rural community resilience. Transactions of the institute of British Geographers, 35, 364-381.
Wilson, G. (2012). Community Resilience and Environmental Transition. United Kingdom: CRC Press
Wilson, G. A. (2007). Multifunctional Agriculture: A Transition Theory Perspective. United Kingdom: CAB International.
Yagoub, M., & Giridhar, R. K. (2006). Monitoring Coastal Zone Land Use and Land Cover Changes of Abu Dhabi Using Remote Sensing. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, 34(1), 57-68.
Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright of articles that appear in International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability belongs exclusively to Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (Penerbit UTM Press). This copyright covers the rights to reproduce the article, including reprints, electronic reproductions or any other reproductions of similar nature.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- This Journal applies Creative Commons Licenses of CC-BY-NC-SA
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).