Comfortable Liveable Space: Shipping Container and Bamboo as Sustainable Building Materials in Equatorial Climate Perspective?


  • Adi Ainurzaman Jamaludin Environmental Science and Management Programme, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur.
  • Zul Ilham Environmental Science and Management Programme, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur.
  • Wan Abd Al Qadr Imad Wan-Mohtar Functional Omics and Bioprocess Development Laboratory, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur.
  • Sarina Abdul Halim-Lim Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor.
  • Hazreena Hussein Department of Architecture, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur.



Bamboo, Comfort, Insulation, Shipping Container, Sick Building Syndrome


The development of liveable space made from shipping containers becomes a trend even in Malaysia with the hot and humid climate persisting throughout the year. For sustaining the indoor comfort, building insulation is well adapted to increase thermal resistance and reduce the dependency on the mechanical cooling systems. The prospective of a shipping container as an efficient construction material and bamboo as a sustainable insulation material is well documented but basic information on the internal environment that has an impact on a person, particularly risk potential towards sick building syndrome (SBS) has been absent. Therefore, the measurements of both indoor and outdoor temperatures, relative humidity and CO2 concentration with two different conditions were done by using different sets of data loggers for at least 70 days under each condition. The first condition is a bare unit of the shipping container and followed by the installation of untreated bamboo as insulation for the second condition. This research reveals that high temperatures were recorded up to 40°C in both conditions and untreated bamboo as insulation increased the relative humidity levels up to the maximum, 100%. The mean values of CO2 concentration are in the range of 1,869 ppm to 2,938 ppm and they reach up to 5,000 ppm at the most of the intervals, indicating a significant contribution to SBS. The condition of the equatorial climate denies the compatibility of the shipping container to be used as the building material of liveable space. The quality and treatment of the bamboo must be the ultimate priority


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How to Cite

Jamaludin, A. A., Ilham, Z., Wan-Mohtar, W. A. A. Q. I., Abdul Halim-Lim, S., & Hussein, H. (2021). Comfortable Liveable Space: Shipping Container and Bamboo as Sustainable Building Materials in Equatorial Climate Perspective?. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, 8(2), 11–22.