Different Façade Types and Building Integration in Energy Efficient Building Design Strategies
Keywords:Façade systems, Façade materials, Building envelope, Energy efficiency, Indoor comfort conditions
Building façades play a major role in improving the effects of outdoor environment conditions on indoor comfort conditions. Façades, which are designed as energy efficiency, are created according to different performance parameters and can offer solutions appropriate for the climatic condition. This paper aims to describe and highlight the role of design and application determinants in building façade types according to energy efficiency in different climatic classes. For this purpose, 12 building façade types in different climate types were investigated and analyzed by a purposive or judgmental sampling technique. Façade analyses have been carried out by considering double skin, adaptive, photovoltaic panel, vertical green, media and structural membrane façades created as a result of developing technological opportunities. Balance of heat loss and gain, preventing overheating, providing daylight and natural ventilation, active and mechanical solutions for climate-sensitive, noise control, recycling and evaluating the initial investment cost are presented. With examinations, it has been determined that different façade systems are innovative construction systems in creating energy efficiency. It has been concluded that the effect of improving indoor comfort conditions of the building by controlling the outdoor environment conditions with the construction of different facade systems is very important in the architectural process. With the development of technology and smart systems, the impact of the façades on the climate analysis and energy efficient design strategies will be much more important in the future
Aelenei, D., Aelenei, L., & Vieira, C. P. (2016). Adaptive Façade: Concept, Applications, Research Questions. Energy Procedia, 91: 269-275. doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2016.06.218
Ahmed, M. M. S., Abel-Rahman, A. K., Ali, A. H. H., & Suzuki M. (2016). Double Skin Façade: The State of Art on Building Energy Efficiency. Journal of Clean Energy Technologies, 4(1): 84-89. doi:10.7763/JOCET.2016.V4.258
Aksamija, A. (2015). High-Performance Building Envelopes: Design Methods for Energy Efficient Façades. 4th BEST Conference Building Enclosure Science & Technology (BEST4). Kansas City, USA.
Altan, H., Hajibandeh, M., Aoul, K., & Deep A. (2016). Chapter 8-Pasive design, ZEMCH: Toward the Delivery of Zero Energy. Springer, Switzerland.
Archdaily, (2020a). Brick Passive Designed University /TAISEI DESIGN Planners Architects & Engineers. Retrieved December, 2020, from https://www.archdaily.com/877077/brick-passive-designed-university-taisei-corporation
Archdaily, (2020b). Green Dot Animo Leadership High School / Brooks + Scarpa Architects. Retrieved December, 2020, from https://www.archdaily.com/340616/green-dot-animo-leadership-high-school-brooks-scarpa-architects
Archdaily, (2020c). Stacking Green / VTN Architects. Retrieved December, 2020, from https://www.archdaily.com/199755/stacking-green-vo-trong-nghia
Archi Monarch, (2020). Passive Cooling. Retrieved December, 2020, from https://archi-monarch.com/passive-cooling/
Attia, S., Bilir, S., Safy, T., Struck, C., Loonen R., & Goia, F. (2018). Current Trends and Future Challenges in The Performance Assessment of Adaptive Façade Systems. Energy & Buildings, 179: 165-182. doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2018.09.017
Attia, S., Lioure, R., & Declaude, Q. (2020). Future Trends and Main Concepts of Adaptive Façade Systems. Energy Science & Engineering, 8: 3255–3272. doi.org/10.1002/ese3.725
Aygencel, M. (2011). Vertical Green Systems [in Turkish]. Master Dissertation, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey.
Chiu, S. K., & Lin, E. S. (2015). Tensile Membrane Façade: Performance Analysis of Energy, Daylighting and Material Optical Properties. 10th Conference on Advanced Building Skins, Bern, Switzerland.
Designboom, (2020). Brisbane Airport Kinetic Parking Garage Facade by Ned Kahn + UAP. Retrieved December, 2020, from https://www.designboom.com/art/brisbane-airport-kinetic-parking-garage-façade-by-nedkahn-uap/
Eberl, A. (ed.) (2016). Energy Design Vol. IV/I-Adaptive Façade Systems. Graz University of Technology Institute of Buildings and Energy (IGE) Energy Design, Seminar.
Elgizawy, E. M. (2016). The Effect of Green Façades of Landscape Ecology. Procedia Environmental Science, 34: 119-130. doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2016.04.012
Ghauri, P., Gronhaug, K., & Strange, R. (2020). Research Methods in Business Studies. Harlow, FT/ Prentice Hall, Fifth Edition, USA.
Giuda, G. M. D., Giana, P. E., Masera, G., Seghezzi, E., & Villa V. (2019). A BIM-based Approach to Façade Cladding Optimization: Geometrical, Economic and Production Control in a DfMA Perspective. 2019 European Conference on Computing in Construction Chania, Crete, Greece.
Grana, P., & Haroldson, C. (2017). Wall-Mounted Solar: A Rising Trend or Barely Hanging on? Yeni Enerji-Solar Power World, 60: 54-59.
Günc, A., & Kurnuç Seyhan, A. (2013). Günes Enerjisine Dayalı Yenilikçi Kinetik Yapı Kabuğu Uygulamalar [in Turkish]. I. Uluslararası Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimlerinde Yenilikçi Teknolojiler Sempozyumu (ISITES2013), Sakarya, Turkey.
Haringey Council, (2017). Energy, Save Energy-Together We Can Make a Difference. Retrieved December, 2020, from https://www.haringey.gov.uk/environment-and-waste/going-green/energy
Howard, S. (2008). A Green Screen for Beijing, Architectural Record, 69-70.
Huang, Y., & Niu, J. (2016). Optimal Building Envelope Design Based on Simulated Performance: History, Current Status and New Potentials. Energy and Buildings, 117: 387-398. doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2015.09.025
Inan, T., & Başaran, T. (2014). A General Evaluation on Double Skin Facades [in Turkish], Megaron, 9(2): 132-142. doi:10.5505/MEGARON.2014.91885
Kang, J., Ahn, K., Park, C., & Schuetze T. (2016). A Case Study on Passive vs. Active Strategies for an Energy-Efficient School Building Design. 8th Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism, Incheon, Korea.
Kumar, G., & Raheja G. (2016). Design Determinants of Building Envelope for Sustainable Built Environment: A Review. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, 3(2): 111-118.
Lechner, N. (2015). Heating, Cooling, Lighting Sustainable Method for Architect. Hoboken, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Fourth Edition, New Jersey, USA.
Lee, J. S., & Sul, S. H. (2017). Media Façade and Design Identity of Buildings Based On Visual Density. International Journal of Asia Digital Art & Design, 21(1): 49-55.
Loonen, R. C. G. M., Hoes, P., & Hensen, J. L. M. (2014). Performance Prediction of Buildings with Responsive Building Elements: Challenges and Solutions. 2014 Building Simulation and Optimization Conference (BSO14), London, United Kingdom.
Loonen, R. C. G. M., Rico-Martinez, J.M., Favoino, F., Brzezicki, M., Menezo, C., La Ferla, G., & Aelenei, L. (2015). Design for Façade Adaptability-Towards A Unified and Systematic Characterization. 10th Conference on Advanced Building Skins, Bern, Switzerland.
Mandaglio, M. (2019). Chameleon Building. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 296, Milan, Italy.
Manioglu, G., & Koçlar Oral, G. (2010). Ekolojik Yaklısımda Iklimle Dengeli Cephe Tasarımı [in Turkish], 5. Ulusal Çatı & Cephe Konferansı, İzmir, Turkey.
McLauchlan, D. J., & Lavan, D. (2010). Richard J. Klarchek Information Commons Building: Chicago, IL, High Performing Buildings. Spring 2010.
Moere, A. V., & Wouters, N. (2012). The Role of Context Media Architecture. PerDis, Portekiz.
Motevalian, E. (2014). Double Skin Façades Performance: Effects on Daylight and Visual Comfort in Office Spaces. University of Southern California, Faculty of the USC School of Architecture, Master Thesis, Los Angeles.
Oh J., Hong T., Hakpyeong K., An J., Kwangbok J., & Koo C. (2017). Advanced Strategies for Net-Zero Energy Building: Focused on the Early Phase and Usage Phase of a Building’s Life Cycle. Sustainability, 9: 2272. doi.org/10.3390/su9122272
Paech, C. (2016). Structural Membranes Used in Modern Building Façades. Procedia Engineering, 155: 61-70. doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.08.007
Pagliaro, M., Ciriminna, R., & Palmisano, G. (2010). BIPV: Merging the Photovoltaic with the Construction Industry. Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 18: 61-72.
Pasquay, T., & Müller, H. F. O. (2000). Academy Mont-Cenis: Planning of Natural Ventilation and Daylighting in A Large Microclimatic Envelope. World Renewable Energy Congress VI, Brighton, UK.
Perini, K., Othello, M., Fraaj, A. L. A., Haas E.M., & Raiteri R. (2011). Vertical Greening Systems and the Effect on Air Flow and Temperature on the Building Envelope. Building and Environment, 46: 2287-2294. doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2011.05.009
Shahin, H. S. M. (2019). Adaptive Building Envelopes of Multistory Buildings as an Example of High Performance Building Skins. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 58: 345–352. doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2018.11.013
Sharaidin, K., & Salim, F. (2012). Design Considerations for Adopting Kinetic Façades in Building Practice. In Digital Physicality| Physical Digitality: (eCAADe 2012), Czech Technical University, Faculty of Architecture.
Shoubi, M. V., Shoubi, M. V., Bagchi, A., & Barough, A. S. (2018). Reducing the Operational Energy Demand in Buildings Using Building Information Modeling Tools and Sustainability Approaches. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 6: 41-55. doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2014.09.006
Si, B., Tian, Z., Jin, X., Zhou, X., Tang, P., & Shi X. (2016). Performance Indices and Evaluation of Algorithms in Building Energy Efficient Design Optimization. Energy, 114: 100-112. doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2016.07.114
Snow, M., & Prasad, D. (2011). Building-Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV). Environment Design Guide, EDG 68, Royal Australian Institute of Architects.
Solla, I.F. (2010). Façades Confidential. Retrieved December, 2020, from http://façadesconfidential.blogspot.com/2010/12/thyssenkrupp-quarter-façades-giants.html
Taherdoost, H. (2016). Sampling Methods in Research Methodology; How to Choose a Sampling Technique for Research. International Journal of Academic Research in Management (IJARM), 5(2): 18-27. doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3205035
Tensaform, (2020). Asma Germe Sistemler [in Turkish]. Retrieved December, 2020, from http://www.tensaform.com/tr/anasayfa/
Torcellini, P., Pless, S., Deru, M., & Crawley D. (2006). Zero Energy Buildings: A Critical Look at the Definition. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, NREL Conference Paper, USA.
UN Studio, (2020). Galleria Centercity. Retrieved December, 2020, from https://www.unstudio.com/en/page/388/galleria-centercity
Williamson, C. (2013). A Plant-Covered Home: House Patrocinio by Rebelo De Andrade. Retrieved December, 2020, from https://design-milk.com/plant-covered-house-patrocinio-by-rebelo-de-andrade/
Yesilli, G. (2016). The Advanced Facade Systems in the Frame of Ecologic Energy Efficient Design, Changing According to Climatic Conditions and Foresight for the Future [in Turkish]. Master Dissertation, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.
Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright of articles that appear in International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability belongs exclusively to Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (Penerbit UTM Press). This copyright covers the rights to reproduce the article, including reprints, electronic reproductions or any other reproductions of similar nature.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- This Journal applies Creative Commons Licenses of CC-BY-NC-SA
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).