Sandy Beaches Changing in Line with Urbanization Visual Quality Values
Keywords:Sandy beach, coastal ecosystem, visual quality
The coasts are the intersection area of land and sea ecosystems, where people are always interested and benefit from many activities. However, unplanned developments as a result of rapid population growth and migration in these regions are destroying the living environments necessary for all living things. Beaches are important coastal ecosystems. At the same time, it offers people many recreational opportunities such as entertainment and rest. They are the city's attractions. Increasing population, industrialization and urbanization endanger coastal ecosystems. Within the scope of this study, it was discussed how the landscape perception of the users changed with the construction of sandy beaches. It has been questioned which sandy beaches people prefer and why. The study was carried out in Trabzon, a coastal province located in the eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey. Turkey is a country that hosts different geomorphological units and has intense natural and human interaction. The most used beach in Trabzon has been researched. SPPS and AHP methods were used as statistical methods within the scope of the study. As a result of the study, it has been revealed that natural sandy beaches are more important in terms of biodiversity, in terms of visual quality. At the same time, it is seen that people want to go to all three alternatives at the same rate. This means that people prefer sandy beaches no matter what. At the same time, on the sandy beaches where urbanization is intense, the results and biodiversity are very low in terms of naturalness parameters.
Acar, H., Bekar, M., Acar, C. (2018). Evaluation of Ecological Design Principles In Waterfront Parks. Recent Researches in Science and Landscape Management, Efe R., Zencirkiran M.,Curebal İ., Editor, Cambridge Scholars Independent Spirit Publishing, İstanbul, 445-455.
Acar C, Sakıcı Ç (2008) Assessing Landscape Perception of Urban Rocky Habitats, Building and Environment 43: 1153-1170
Acar C, Guneroglu N. (2009) A Study on Linear Plant Compositions' Functionality, Visuality and Species Diversity Assessment in Trabzon City. Karadeniz Technical University, Journal of Ecology, Trabzon. 18(72): 65-73
Asur, F. (2019). An evaluation of vi,sual landscape quality of coastal settlements: A case study of coastal areas in the Van Lake Basin (Turkey). Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 17(2): 1849-1864.
Baby, S. (2013). AHP modeling for multicriteria decision-making and to optimise strategies for protecting coastal landscape resources. International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology, 4(2), 218.
Bekci, B. (2021). A case study on the interdependence between the coastal ecosystem and humankind. Ocean & Coastal Management, 210: 105666.
Cakci I. (2007). A Research of Methodology for Visual Landscape Assessment in Landscape Planning. AAnkara University, Institute of Science and Technology, Department of Landscape Architecture, Ankara.
Daniel, T. C, (2001) Whither scenic beauty? Visual landscape quality assessment in The 21st Century, Landscape and Urban Planning, 54: 267-281
Dihkan, M., Karsli, F., Guneroglu, A., & Guneroglu, N. (2015). Evaluation of surface urban heat island (SUHI) effect on coastal zone: The case of Istanbul Megacity. Ocean & Coastal Management, 118: 309-316.
Clay, G. R., & Daniel, T. C. (2000). Scenic landscape assessment: the effects of land management jurisdiction on public perception of scenic beauty. Landscape and urban planning, 49(1-2): 1-13.
Clay G. R, Smidt R. K (2004) Assessing the validity and reliability of descriptor variables used in scenic highway analysis, Landscape and Urban Planning, 66 (4): 239-255
Daniel, T. C. (2001). Whiter Scenic Beauty? Visual Landscape Quality Assessment in the 21st Century. Landscape Urban and Planning, 54: 267–281
Demirhan, T. (2021). Investigation of visual landscape quality in the coastal area: The case of İstanbul- Kisirkaya Master's thesis, Bursa Uludag University.
Eken, B. (2021). Creating Visual Perception Using Design Elements In Basic Graphic Design Education: A Sample Of 2nd Grade Basic Graphic Design Studio Project, (28): 241-261.
Elinc, H. (2011). A research on Abdurrahman Alaettinoglu and Alanya belediye başkanlari urban park in town of Alanya, Antalya by visual quality assessment method. Master Thesis, Selcuk University, Institute of Science, Landscape Architecture Department, Konya.
Eristi, S.D., Uluuysal, B., Dindar, M. (2013). Designing an Interactive Learning Environment based on Theories of Visual Perception and Students’ Views About the Software, Anadolu Journal of Educational Sciences International, January 2013, 3(1): 49
Gültürk, P., Sisman, E. E. (2015). Assessing the Visual Landscape Quality of Tekirdag City Center Coastline and Its Effects to Space Preferences. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 12(1): 81-89.
Guneroglu, N., Acar, C., Dihkan, M., Karsli, F., & Guneroglu, A. (2013). Green corridors and fragmentation in South Eastern Black Sea coastal landscape. Ocean & coastal management, 83, 67-74.
Guneroglu, N., Acar, C., Guneroglu, A., Dihkan, M., & Karsli, F. (2015). Coastal land degradation and character assessment of Southern Black Sea landscape. Ocean & Coastal Management, 118: 282-289.
Guneroglu, N., Ozdemir, U., & Guneroglu, A. (2016). Decisions on quality assurance criteria of recreational beaches. In Proceedings Of The Institution Of Civil Engineers-Municipal Engineer. 169(4): 233-242.
Guneroglu, N. (2017). The effect of restoration process on riparian landscapes. Artvin Çoruh Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, 18(1): 10-20.
Goler S. (2009). Biçim, Renk, Malzeme, Doku ve Isıgın Mekân Algısına Etkisi. Mimar Sinan G.S.Ü. Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Istanbul
Felix, G., Marenzi, R. C., Polette, M., & Netto, S. A. (2016). Landscape visual quality and meiofauna biodiversity on sandy beaches. Environmental management, 58(4): 682-693.
Jahany A, Makhdoom, M Feghhi J, Etemat V (2012). Determine the quality of the landscape and the outlook in order to ecotourism (Case study: Patom forest Kheiroud). Environmental studies, 2(3): 13- 20.
Muderrisoglu H, Eroglu E (2006). Differences in Visual Perception of Some Coniferous Trees Under Snow Load, Journal of Suleyman Demirel University Faculty of Forestry, A, 1: 136- 146.
Huang J (2014). Landscape visual quality assessment in washtenaw county, MI. School of natural resources and environment university of Michigan, 18-1
Kalin, A. 2004. Determining and Improving Visual Quality in Environmental Preference and Evaluation: The Example of Trabzon Coastline, Karadeniz Technical University, Institute of Science, Landscape Architecture Department, PhD Thesis, Istanbul.
Kiper, T., Korkut, A., & Ustun Topal, T. (2017). Visual Landscape Quality Assessment: Kıyıköy Example. Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam Journal of Natural Sciences, 20(3): 258-269.
Onur, M., & Altuntas, S. K. (2022). Parametrising Historical Islamkoy Courtyard-Dwellings: Spatial Quality Parameters and Examination Based on AHP Method. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, 9(1): 73-87.
Ozgeris, M. (2014). Visual quality analysis of recreational facilities in tortum and Uzundere (Erzurum). Master Thesis, Atatürk University Science Institute, Landscape Architecture Department, Erzurum.
O'Connor, Z. (2015). Colour, contrast and gestalt theories of perception: The impact in contemporary visual communications design. Color Research & Application, 40(1): 85-92.
Ozgeris M, Karahan F. (2015). A study on visual quality assessment in recreational facilities: sample of Tortum and Uzundere (Erzurum). Artvin Coruh University Journal of Forestry Faculty, 16(1): 40–49.
Srdjevic, Z., Lakicevic, M., & Srdjevic, B. (2013). Approach of decision making based on the analytic hierarchy process for urban landscape management. Environmental management, 51(3): 777-785.
Tufekcioglu Kugu H (2008). Visual Landscape Quality Assessment in Historical Environment Istanbul Yedikule as a Case Study. Istanbul Technical University, Institute of Science and Technology, Department of Landscape Architecture, Master Thesis, Istanbul.
Yagmur, Ö. (2015). The Meaning of Dan Flavin with Gestalt Theory in Minimal Art. Journal of the Fine arts Institute, (33): 150-162.
World of Geography (2021). Climate and Vegetation . (arrival at May 17,2021)(https://www.cografya.gen.tr/tr/trabzon/iklim.html#:~:text=Bol%20ya%C4%9F%C4%B1%C5%9F%20alan%20Trabzon'da,%C3%A7ay %C4%B1r%20ve%20mer'alardan%20ib%C3%A2rettir)
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright of articles that appear in International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability belongs exclusively to Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (Penerbit UTM Press). This copyright covers the rights to reproduce the article, including reprints, electronic reproductions or any other reproductions of similar nature.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- This Journal applies Creative Commons Licenses of CC-BY-NC-SA
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).