Exploring the prospects of Homestays in Indian Tourism and Hospitality Industry as an Alternate Preference for Stay.


  • Shanta Pragyan Dash Manipal School of Architecture and Planning, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India




Home stay, local culture, guest satisfaction, rich heritage, tourism.



Homestays refers to locations for the tourist attraction of sites that may be on beaches, mountains, lakes or homes, typically places of scenic beauty. Three aspects: operation, amenities and attractions are the main attributes of homestays. Closeness to local culture further enhances guest satisfaction, helping to retain the rich heritage of the region. Domestic resources and natural habitats are used to promote sustainable tourism. Therefore, the promotion of tourism depends primarily on active private sector involvement and societies playing a beneficial role. The past researches on homestays lack the various attributes that plays a significant role towards guest experience in homestay and how they create a significant impact on their overall satisfaction.This paper focuses on understanding the concept of Homestays in Tourism and the various factors affecting its overall satisfaction through guest experience during holiday homestays. A field survey was conducted along the coastal belts to understand the guest preference, their cultural experience and their satisfaction level during the duration of their visit. It also analyzes the relationship and impact between overall tourist satisfaction and residence quality of homestays. This helps all stakeholders create sustainable tourism strategies, including host tourism. The outcome of the research is to explore the perception of tourist satisfaction with India during vacation homestays. Recommendations were made for further enhancement of Homestays' based on the findings.


Ashley, C. (2000, February). The impacts of tourism on rural livelihoods: Namibia‟s experience (Working Paper 128). London: Overseas Development Institute.

Banskota, K and Sharma, B. (1995). Tourism for mountain community development: Case Study report on the Annapurna and Gorkha regions of Nepal. Kathmandu InternationalCentre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Centre for Environment and Resource Studies (CREST).

Budhathoki, B. (2013). Impact of Homestay Tourism on livelihood: A case study of Ghale Gaun,Lamjung,Nepal. A Thesis submitted to Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Mdccclix

Devkota, B., & van Teijlingen, E. R. (2010). Understanding effects of armed conflict on health outcomes: the case of Nepal. Conflict and health, 4(1), 1-8.

Gangotia, A. (2013). Home Stay Scheme in Himachal Pradesh: A Succeful Story of Community Based Tourism Initiatives (CBTIS). Global Research Analysis, 2(2): 206-207

Guruang, G., Simmons, D., & Devlin, P. (1996). The evolving role of tourist guides: TheNepali experience. In R. Butler and T. Hinch (Eds.), Tourism and indigenous peoples .107-128. London: International Thomson Business Press

Laurie, N. D., Andolina, R. and Radcliffe, S. A. (2005). Ethnodevelopment: Social Movements, Creating Experts and Professionalising Indigenous Knowledge in Ecuador. Working the Spaces of Neoliberalism: Activism, Professionalisation and Incorporation. N. D. Laurie and L. Bondi.

Macek, I.C. (2012). Homestays as Livelihood Stragies in Rural Economies: The Case of Johar Valley, Uttarakhand, India. Thesis submitted to University of Washington, Washington.

Pandey, R.N., Chettri, P., Kunwar, R.R. and Ghimire, G. ( 1995). “Case study on the effects of tourism on culture and the Environment in Nepal”, UNESCO. Principal Regional office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok

Teresa Chang-Hung(2006)-„Tourims as a livelihood strategy in indigenous communities: case studies of Taiwan‟.

Timilsina, P. (2012). Homestay Tourism Boosts Ghale Gaon‟s Economy‟ retrieved from http://www.gorkhapatra.org.np./rising.detail.php? Article_id=23200&cat_id=4 on 10.06.2013 at 11:52. Retrieved on 5 July 2015

Agyeiwaah, E. (2013). Volunteer tourists’ motivations for choosing homestay in the Kumasi metropolis of Ghana. African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure, 2(3): 1-11.

Jamal, S. A. (2011). Tourist perceived value in a community based homestay visit: An investigation into the functional and experiential aspect of value. Journal of Vacation Marketing,17(1): 5-15.

Gu, M., & Wong, P. P. (2006). Tourism Geographies: An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment. Tourism Geographies, 8(3): 253–273.

Kontogeorgopoulos, N., Churyen, A., & Duangsaeng, V. (2015). Homestay Tourism and the Commercialization of the Rural Home in Thailand. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 20(1): 29-50.

Hjulmand, L. G., Nielsen, U., Vesterlokke, P., Busk, R. J., & Erichsen, E. (2003). Tourism as a development strategy in rural areas adjacent to the crocker range national park, sabah, malaysia. Asean Review of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation (ARBEC).

Lanier, P., & Berman, J. (1993). Bed-and-breakfast inns come of age. The Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 34(2): 15-23.

Gunasekaran, N., & Anandkumar, V. (2012). Factors of influence in choosing alternative accommodation:A study with reference to Pondicherry, a coastal heritage town. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1127-1132.

Wang, Y. (2007). Customised Authenticity begins at home. Annals of Tourism Research, 34(3): 789-804.

Mura, P. (2015). Perceptions of authenticity in a Malaysian homestay e A narrative analysis. Tourism Management, 51: 225-233.

Hsu, S. L., & Lin, Y. M. (2011). Factors Underlying College Students' choice of homestay accommodation while travelling. World Transactions on Engineering and Technology Education, 196-202.

Rasoolimanesh, S. M., Dahalan, N., & Jaafar, M. (2016). Tourists' perceived value and satisfaction in a community based homestay in the Lenggong Valley World Heritage Site. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 72-81.

Tussyadiah, l. P., & Pesonen, J. (2016). Impacts of peer-topeer accommodation use on travel patterns. Journal of Travel Research, 55(8): 1022-1040.

Yu, Y., Duan, W., & Cao, Q. (2013). The impact of social and conventional media on firm equity value: A sentiment analysis Approach. Decision Support Systems, 919-926.

Harris, J. M., Wise, T. M., Gallagher, K. P., & Goodwin, N. R. (2001). A survey of sustainable development: Social and economic dimensions. Washington: Island Press.

Ruiz-Ballesteros, E., & Hernandez-Ramirez, M. (2010). Tourism that empowers? Critique of Anthropology, 30(2): 201–229.

Zapata, M. J., Hall, C. M., Lindo, P., & Vanderschaeghe, M. (2011). Can community-based tourism contribute to development and poverty alleviation? Lessons from Nicaragua. Current Issues in Tourism, 14(8): 725–749.

Anand, A., Chandan, P., & Singh, R. B. (2012). Homestays at Korzok: Supplementing rural livelihoods and supporting green tourism in the Indian Himalayas. Mountain Research and Development, 32(2): 126–136.

Gu, M., & Wong, P. P. (2006). Residents’ perception of tourism impacts: A case study of homestay operators in Dachangshan Dao, North-East China. Tourism Geographies, 8(3): 253–273.

MacDonald, R., & Jolliffe, L. (2003). Cultural rural tourism: Evidence from Canada. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(9): 307–322.

Musa, G., Kayat, K., & Thirumoorthi, T. (2010). The experiential aspect of rural home-stay among Chinese and Malay students using diary method. Tourism & Hospitality Research, 10(1): 25–41.

Anand, A., Chandan, P., & Singh, R. B. (2012). Homestays at Korzok: Supplementing rural livelihoods and supporting green tourism in the Indian Himalayas. Mountain Research and Development, 32(2): 126–136.

Honey, M. (1999). Ecotourism and sustainable development: Who owns paradise? Washington, DC: Island Press.

Jones, S. (2005). Community-based ecotourism: The significance of social capital. Annals of Tourism Research, 23(2): 303–325.

Kiss, A. (2004). Is community-based ecotourism a good use of biodiversity conservation funds? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 19(5): 232–237.

Holden, A. (2010). Exploring stakeholders’ perceptions of sustainable tourism development in the Annapurna Conservation Area: Issues and challenge. Tourism and Hospitality Planning and Development, 7(4): 337–351.

Mowforth, M., & Munt, I. (1998). Tourism and sustainability: New tourism in the Third World. London and New York: Routledge.

United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). (2004a). Seminar on sustainable tourism development and poverty alleviation. Madrid: United Nations World Tourism Organization.

World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED). (1987). Our common future. New York: Oxford University Press.

Malhotra N.K. and Dash S (2011) Marketing Research An Applied Orientation Sixth Edition. Pearson Publication New Delhi Kothari, C.R. and Garg Gaurav,(2014)Research Methodology Methods and Techniques Third Edition. New Age International Publishers New Delhi

Planet, L., Benanav, M., Bindloss, J., Brown, L., Butler, S., Elliott, M., ... & Noble, I. (2019). Lonely Planet India. Lonely Planet




How to Cite

Dash, S. P. (2022). Exploring the prospects of Homestays in Indian Tourism and Hospitality Industry as an Alternate Preference for Stay. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, 9(3), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.11113/ijbes.v9.n3.935